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Azure Active Directory Interview Questions

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What is group policy in active directory? What are Group Policy objects ? Group policy is a feature of Microsoft Windows Active Directory that adds additional controls to user and computer accounts. Group policies provide centralized management of User and Computer configuration settings. A Group Policy Object is a collection of settings systems administrators create Read More »

Top 50 Microsoft Azure Interview Questions And Answers

Before we move on to the Microsoft Azure Interview Questions, let us have a quick overview of the different job roles in the Azure cloud computing domain. There are many Azure job roles in the market that are highly in demand these days. These include Azure Developer, Azure Cloud Engineer, Azure Solution Architect, Azure Administrator, Azure Data Scientist, Azure DevOps Engineer, Azure Security Engineer, etc. So, if you’re willing to grab any of these job roles in an organization, this blog covers all the different types of Azure interview questions you can expect in any Azure job interview.

To make things easier for you, we have listed the interview questionson azure in five different categories. Let’s get started with the questions!

Azure Active Directory Interview Questions And Answers

These questions are targeted for Azure Active Directory and Azure ADB2C which is an essential part of Azure Cloud. Azure Developers must know the answers of these frequently asked Azure Active Directory interview questionsto clear the interview. In short it’s known as Azure AD.

1. What is Azure Active Directory?

2. What is Azure ADB2C?

3. What is the difference between ID tokens and Access tokens?

4. What is the Managed identities for Azure resources?

5. Explain Microsoft Identity Platform.

Microsoft Identity Platform

  • OAuth 2.0 and OpenID Connect standard-compliant authentication service allows developers to perform authentication over different identity types like schoolaccounts, social accounts, Microsoft accounts etc.
  • Open-source Libraries for example – Microsoft Authentication Libraries .
  • Application management portal

6. What is the use of Azure AD Security Groups?

7. What are the different authentication flows in MSAL?

For more visit MSAL Authentication flows.

8. What are the different Microsoft authentication libraries?

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Q48 What Are The Benefits Of Azure Paas Service Model

  • No CapEx

Users should not have any up-front expenditure.

  • Agility

PaaS is more agile than IaaS, and servers for running applications do not need to be configured by users.

  • Consumption-based model

Users pay and work under an OpEx model only for what they use.

  • Skills

To deploy, use, and obtain the benefits of PaaS, no profound technical skills are needed.

  • Cloud benefits

To ensure that their workloads are made stable and highly accessible, users can take advantage of the cloud providers skills and expertise. Furthermore, users can gain access to more cutting-edge resources for growth. They can then apply these tools throughout the lifecycle of an application.

  • Productivity

Users should concentrate only on application development, since all platform maintenance is done by the cloud provider. Working with distributed teams as services is easier because the platform can be accessed over the Internet. You can make the platform more easily available globally.

What Are The Features Of Windows Azure

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Windows Azure runs and stores the information on Microsoft data centers.

The main features are as follows:

  • Websites enable the designers to assemble the sites utilizing ASP.NET, PHP, etc., and send these websites utilizing FTP, Git, etc.
  • SQL database, formally known as Azure database, makes, broadens, and scales the application into the cloud utilizing Microsoft SQL Server.
  • This is Microsofts Platform as a Service that supports multilevel applications and automated deployment.

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What Is Identity In Azure Active Directory

Ans: Identity in Azure AD is the representation of something or a thing that by some means can be authenticated. For example, identity in the Azure AD Directory usually represents a user with a password associated and a unique username used for authentication. Their authentications can be accessed by the use of secret keys or certificates.

What Is The Procedure For Adding An Administrator To The Azure Portal

The owner role must be assigned to an administrator before it may be added to the Azure portal. It will only be able to control the subscription’s resources that have been assigned to it. These are the steps to add an administrator:

i. Firstly, to use the Azure portal, go to and sign in.

ii. Then, select the Hub menu followed by Subscription, and select the subscription that the administrator will need access to.

iii. In the subscription blade, select Access control and then click Add.

iv. Select Owner from the drop-down menu under Select a role.

v. In this field, enter the email address of the user who will be designated as the owner.

vi. Select the user by clicking on his or her name.

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What Are Stateful And Stateless Microservices For Service Fabric

Explanation: Service Fabric enables you to build applications that consist of microservices. Stateless microservices do not maintain a mutable state outside a request and its response from the service. Azure Cloud Services worker roles are an example of a stateless service. Stateful microservices maintain a mutable, authoritative state beyond the request and its response. Todays Internet-scale applications consist of a combination of stateless and stateful microservices.

You Have An Azure Subscription That Contains An Azure Log Analytics Workspace You Have A Resource Group That Contains 100 Virtual Machines The Virtual Machines Run Linux You Need To Collect Events From The Virtual Machines To The Log Analytics Workspace Which Type Of Data Source Should Be Configured In The Workspace

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The answer is Syslog, which is an event logging protocol that is common to Linux. Applications will send messages that may be stored on the local machine or delivered to a Syslog collector. When the log analytics agent for Linux is installed, it configures the local Syslog daemon to forward messages to the agent. The agent then sends the message to Azure Monitor where a corresponding record is created.

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What Is Integration Runtime

Azure data factory uses integration runtime to enable various data integration capabilities across the network environments. Integration runtimes are of three types:

  • Azure integration run time: It can copy data between cloud data stores and can dispatch the activity to various compute services like SQL server or HDInsight for data transformation
  • Self-hosted integration runtime: Useful to copy data between a cloud data store and a private network data store. It also dispatches transform activities on on-premises or virtual network resources.
  • Azure SSIS integration runtime: Using this, we can execute SSIS packages natively in a managed environment. It is useful for shifting SSIS packages to the Azure data factory.

You Have An Azure Web App Named App1 That Is Configured To Run Between Two And Five Instances There Are Currently Three Instances Of App1 Running App1 Has The Following Autoscale Rules: Increase The Instance Count By One When The Cpu Percentage Is Greater Or Equal To 80 Decrease The Instance Count By One When The Cpu Percentage Is Less Than Or Equal To 60 You Are Evaluating The Following Cpu Percentage Of Utilization For App:

  • 60 percent
  • 45 percent

You need to identify which utilizations will cause App1 to scale in.

Azure Monitor autoscaling allows you to scale the number of running instances up or down, based on telemetry data or metrics. Scale-in occurs when the instances are decreased. For this rule, the instances are decreased when the CPU usage is 60 percent or lower. Hence, the answer is 45 percent, 50 percent, and 55 percent.

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What Are The Different Ways Azure Ad Enables Authentication And Single Sign

Azure AD supports many standardized protocols for authentication and authorization, such as SAML 2.0, OpenID Connect, OAuth 2.0, and WS-Federation. Azure AD also supports password vaulting and automated sign-in capabilities for apps that only support forms-based authentication.

For more information, see:

How Has Integrating Hybrid Cloud Been Useful For Azure

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The Hybrid Cloud boosts productivity by using Azure and the Azure stack for building and deploying applications for the cloud and on-premises applications. Integrating hybrid cloud been useful for Azure in the following ways:

  • It obtains greater efficiency with a combination of Azure services and DevOps processes and tools
  • Users can take advantage of constantly updated Azure services and other Azure Marketplace applications
  • It enables it to be deployed regardless of its location, the cloud, or on-premises.
  • This enables applications to be created at a higher speed

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List The Different Cloud Deployment Models Available In Azure

Based on one’s business requirements, there are three different cloud deployment models in which you can deploy any Azure cloud service –

  • Private Cloud- It comprises cloud computing resources owned entirely by a single company. This could mean hosting one’s apps on their on-site servers or a dedicated server offered by the cloud service provider.

  • Public Cloud- The most common cloud deployment model, the public cloud, involves a third-party cloud service provider to manage and control the cloud resources distributed via the internet. The cloud provider owns all hardware, software, and other supporting facilities in this case. Example- Microsoft Azure.

  • Hybrid Cloud- A hybrid cloud is a blend of private and public clouds. These cloud deployment models employ private cloud service features such as processing confidential data and public cloud services such as hosting commercial applications.

Define Content Delivery Networks In Azure

A content delivery network is a decentralized network of servers that delivers web information to users quickly and effectively. In order to reduce latency, CDNs keep buffer data on edge nodes in point-of-presence locations close to target users. Whether you are building or maintaining websites or mobile apps, encrypting and delivering streaming services, system updates, etc., the Azure Content Delivery Network can help you minimize the page load time, reduce bandwidth, and improve responsiveness.

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How Would You Differentiate Between Iaas Paas And Saas In Your Language

Ans:

Infrastructure as a service : Its a paid service providing users with components like OS, Networking, etc. The admin can use it for application hostingfor example, Azure VMs.

Platform as a service : Mainly used for building and developing applications regardless of the host environment. For example, Azure SQL.

Software as a service : It is mainly a paid service. For example, Office 365

What Is Azure Active Directory

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Azure Active Directory is Microsofts cloud-based identity and access management service, which helps your employees sign in and access resources in:

External resources, such as Microsoft 365, the Azure portal, and thousands of other SaaS applications.Internal resources, such as apps on your corporate network and intranet, along with any cloud apps developed by your own organization.

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Do We Need To Use A Cdn When Using Azure

A CDN, or a Content Delivery Network, is oftentimes used when a particular service has a large amount of user-facing media that needs to be delivered extremely quickly. In some cases, such as video streaming, these files will be cached at various points globally. This allows users to be able to access files with far lower latency from a location that may be just down the street, versus trying to talk to a data center halfway around the world.

Therefore, to answer this question, it depends entirely on the organizations use case. If you are running something similar to Netflix, then yes, absolutely. If you are running a storefront, possibly not.

Your Company Has The Groups Shown In The Following Table

Group
Development 15

The company has an Azure subscription that contains an Azure AD tenant named contoso.com. An administrator named Admin1 attempts to enable Enterprise State Roaming for all the users in the Managers group. Admin1 reports that the options for enterprise state roaming are unavailable from Azure AD. You verify that Admin1 is assigned the global administrator role. You need to ensure that Admin1 can enable enterprise state roaming. What should you do?

Purchase an Azure AD Premium P1 license for each user in the Managers group. Enterprise state roaming is available to any organization with an Azure AD Premium or Enterprise Mobility + Security license.

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What Are Redis Databases

Explanation: Redis Databases are just a logical separation of data within the same Redis instance. The cache memory is shared between all the databases and actual memory consumption of a given database depends on the keys/values stored in that database. For example, a C6 cache has 53 GB of memory. You can choose to put all 53 GB into one database or you can split it up between multiple databases.

Q45 What Is Platform As A Service Model In Azure

Most Popular Microsoft Azure Fabric Interview Questions

A managed hosting environment is this model of cloud service. The virtual machines and networking services are operated by the cloud provider, and the cloud tenant deploys their applications into the managed hosting environment.

The PaaS cloud computing platform is designed to create, test, operate, and manage applications for the programmer. For example Azure App Services offers a controlled hosting environment in which developers can upload their web apps without having to worry about the specifications for physical hardware and software.

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Q73 What Is Azure Application Insights

Azure application insights is a part of Azure monitor service. It is one of the powerful tools which can help to diagnose, monitor and analyze your application. It can help in identifying anomalies and monitoring the performances of applications deployed anywhere irrespective of their technology. Azure application insights can monitor the application deployed on Azure as well as it can monitor the application which is deployed on on-premises or any other cloud provider platforms like AWS or GCP. It can also integrate mobile apps to send the telemetry data and analyze it as per business need.

Q32 What Is The Azure App Service Explain

Azure application service is the PasS service which provide the managed environment of your choice to build and deploy any web / mobile application. You can think it of as the virtual box with all the hardware -software installed. User has to just connect to it , for quickly building and deploying the application.

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What Are All Of These Aas Things

It can be very difficult at times to tell the difference between all of the different X-as-a-Service elements that have been created over the past several years. When it comes to Azure, however, there are three that we can reference: Infrastructure as a Service,Platform as a Service andSoftware as a Service.

Infrastructure-as-a-Service is having someone else manage the hardware, specifically. Azure would take care of the physical equipment and associated required connections of the hardware that lives offsite, and your organization would handle the software and licensing that lives on those boxes. This could be used for example if your organization wanted to temporarily lease out access to a test environment, but didnt need expensive hardware long-term.

Platform-as-a-Service takes the Infrastructure-as-a-Service concept, adds on the operating systems and introduces other functions such as high availability. Azure would handle all of the day-to-day functions of managing the systems, leaving your organization free to deploy whatever you require on top of it. This could be used if your organization is developing a very large-scale application and wanted to focus only on that, and leave the rest of the maintenance to other people.

Why Is Azure Diagnostics Api Needed

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The Azure Diagnostics API is needed as it allows you to collect diagnostic data from Azure-based apps such as performance monitoring, system event logs, and so on. The diagnostics information can be applied to create visual chart representations for enhanced monitoring and performance metric reports.

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What Is Azure Databricks

Azure Databricks is a Data Analytics platform that offers two environments for the development of data-intensive applications:

  • Azure Databricks SQL Analytics
  • Azure Databricks Workspace

Azure Databricks integration with the security, compute, analytics, storage, and AI services that are natively provided by cloud providers facilitate the unification of data and AI workloads.

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But What Is Cloud Computing

If you have ever used Googles Stadia, Xboxs Project xCloud, Playstations PS Now, Netflix or any of a hundred other services, you will have some idea of what cloud computing is.

As a core concept, cloud computing is having something run far away and have the results available where you are. Scales can change radically depending on what exactly is being run, as in some cases, it can take the equivalent of hundreds or thousands of consumer-grade systems just to crank through all of the data being thrown at it. Amazon Web Services , Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud are by far the largest publicly available vendors in this space, and together they power a considerable amount of the web today.

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What Is The Difference Between Price Software Price And Total Price In The Cost Structure For Virtual Machine Offers In The Azure Marketplace

Explanation: Price refers to the cost of the Azure Virtual Machine to run the software. Software price refers to the cost of the publisher software running on an Azure Virtual Machine. Total price refers to the combined total cost of the Azure Virtual Machine and the publisher software running on an Azure Virtual Machine.

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