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Cyber Security Grc Interview Questions

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What Is The Difference Between Black Box Testing And White Box Testing

Complete GRC Entry-Level Interview Questions and Answers

Black box testing evaluates the behavior and functionality of a software product. This testing methodology operates from an end-user perspective and requires no software engineering knowledge. Black box testers do not have information about the internal structure or design of the product. Conversely, white box testing is typically performed by developers to assess the quality of a products code. The tester must understand the internal operations of the product.

What Do You Mean By Domain Name System Attack

DNS hijacking is a sort of cyberattack in which cyber thieves utilize weaknesses in the Domain Name System to redirect users to malicious websites and steal data from targeted machines. Because the DNS system is such an important part of the internet infrastructure, it poses a serious cybersecurity risk.

These can be avoided by the following precautions:-

  • Examine the DNS zones in your system.
  • Make sure your DNS servers are up to current.
  • The BIND version is hidden.
  • Transfers between zones should be limited.
  • To avoid DNS poisoning attempts, disable DNS recursion.
  • Use DNS servers that are separated.
  • Make use of a DDOS mitigation service.

What Is An Active Reconnaissance

  • Active reconnaissance is a kind of computer attack where an intruder engages the target system for collecting data about vulnerabilities.
  • The attackers mostly use port scanning to identify vulnerable ports and then exploit the vulnerabilities of services that are associated with open ports.

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What Are The Steps To Set Up A Firewall

There are several steps followed to set up a firewall. They are:

  • Password and username: The default password for the firewall device is modified.
  • Remote administration: Disabling the remote administration feature.
  • Port forwarding: The appropriate port forwarding is configured for certain applications to perform correctly. For example, a web server or FTP server has to be configured to the appropriate port.
  • DHCP server: When there is an existing DHCP server, installing the firework will lead to conflict. Only, when the firewall HCP is disabled will it work.
  • Logging: Troubleshooting firewalls and protecting against potential attacks login is enabled to understand the nature of logins or view the logs.
  • Policies: The organization should implement well-structured security policies to ensure that users and external users follow the required protocol and ensure that the firewall is configured to follow through with the established policies of the organization.
  • How Can You Avoid A Brute Force Attack

    CyberSecurity Awareness Month  Tips of the week: October 12th

    There are a variety of techniques for stopping or preventing brute force attacks.

    A robust password policy is the most evident. Strong passwords should be enforced by every web application or public server. Standard user accounts, for example, must contain at least eight characters, a number, uppercase and lowercase letters, and a special character. Furthermore, servers should mandate password updates on a regular basis.Brute Force attack can also be avoided by the following methods:-

    • Limit the number of failed login attempts.
    • Instead of using the default port, change it in your sshd config file.
    • Make use of Captcha.
    Eg :- DSA and RSA

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    Secure For The Known Insure For The Unknown

    Your destination may be achieving compliance in industry certifications such as SOC2 or ISO27001, but it doesnât stop there. With Trava, our modern tools can help you bridge the gap between where you are and where you want to be by giving you the control to assess your risk, repair the most vulnerable areas, and transfer risk through insurance.

    Information Security Grc Roles And Responsibilities

    Finally, there are information security GRC jobs that are a bit more focused than some of the entry-level jobs mentioned above. Jobs like information security GRC analyst and specialist. They require at least 2 years of experience in most cases and are usually higher-earning positions to hold as well.

    Information security GRC roles and responsibilities will vary slightly between specific titles available, but GRC analyst responsibilities require the analytical prowess to evaluate entire organizations and their information security measures. A GRC officer job description is the one implementing and maintaining security systems that the analyst is monitoring and analyzing.

    Most any information security governance, risk, and compliance job description will be closely related to any other, but that is because the systems need dedicated teams to pay close attention to every detail so they are keeping an institutionâs information safe.

    In conclusion, understanding information security GRC roles and responsibilities comes down to your willingness to stay up to date on certifications and education while maintaining a dedicated team of GRC professionals. If youâre a vCISO in charge of protecting your companyâs information, contact Trava to get in touch with expert consulting team and programs today.

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    How Do You Envision Your First 90 Days On The Job

    Your answer should encompass how you intend to meet with your team members to find out more about them and how you can work together. You should talk about how you will prioritize gaining an understanding of what your managers need from you and what all the stakeholders hope to achieve while also building a strong rapport with your co-workers. You should ask what you can do to make an impact right away. Talk about how you intend to learn and get into the midst of business as soon as you can.

    What Is Remote Desktop Protocol

    Top Interview Questions For GRC , Auditor , Consultants Learners
    • RDP is a Microsoft protocol specifically designed for application data transfer security and encryption between client devices, users, and a virtual network server.
    • It allows administrators to remotely evaluate and resolve issues individual subscribers encounter.
    • It supports up to 64,000 separate data channels with a provision for multipoint transmission.

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    What Does A Cybersecurity Analyst Do

    Cybersecurity analysts strive to preserve the integrity of sensitive data by defending infrastructure and systems from cyberattacks. To protect these assets, cybersecurity analysts evaluate system vulnerabilities through diagnostic testing and traffic monitoring. Based on the results of these assessments, cybersecurity analysts design and implement risk management strategies. Cybersecurity analysts also respond to cyber attacks, conduct forensic analysis of previous cyber incidents, and work to ensure organizational compliance with relevant security standards and protocols.

    What Is The Residual Risk

    Residual risk is risk thats leftover after inherent risk has been mitigated. For example, the residual risk in a network could be the chance of a hacker gaining access after a firewall and monitoring system have been applied. Risk can never be eliminated as long as the network, data, and/or devices still exist. Its up to an information security analyst to determine how much residual risk is worth having in juxtaposition to the resources available.

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    Which Types Of Encryption Does Symmetric Key Encryption Use

    There are two types of Symmetric Key Encryption. Define both.

    One of the following encryption types are used in symmetric key encryption:

    1) Stream ciphers: encrypt a messages digits or letters one by one.

    2) Block ciphers: encrypts a group of bits as a single unit and then adds the plaintext to make the total size of the block a multiple of the block size. 64-bit blocks were regularly utilized. The Advanced Encryption Standard algorithm, authorized by the National Institute of Standards and Technology in December 2001, and the GCM block cipher mode of operation both use 128-bit blocks.

    What Does User Buffer Mean Which Parameter Controls The Number Of Entries In The User Buffer

    Wateen Telecom Limited Jobs Cyber Security GRC Lead

    An SAP system automatically creates a user buffer when a user signs on. This buffer includes all authorizations for that user. Each user has their own buffer, which they can display using the T-code SU56. The tool is only for monitoring purposes, and no further action can be taken. The following profile parameter controls the number of entries in the user buffer: Auth/auth_number_in_userbuffer.

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    What Is The Difference Between Black Hat White Hat And Grey Hat Hackers

    • A black-hat hacker is a person who tries to obtain unauthorized access into a system or a network to steal information for malicious purposes.
    • White-hat hackers are also known as ethical hackers they are well-versed with ethical hacking tools, methodologies, and tactics for securing organization data. They try to detect and fix vulnerabilities and security holes in the systems. Many top companies recruit white hat hackers.
    • A grey hat hacker is a computer security expert who may violate ethical standards or rules sometimes but does not have the malicious intent of a black hat hacker.

    What Is The Audit Risk Rating

    To define the criteria for an organization so that risk rating can be found and ranking for risk rating can be established, Audit Risk Rating is used. As per management feedback, each audible entity is rated in Audit Risk Rating . ARR can be used to perform the tasks given below:

    • Set of audible entities and risk factor can be found out
    • Risk score for a risk factor in each auditable entity can be defined and evaluated.
    • The auditable entity can be rated as per risk score.

    Difference between preventive mitigation controls and detective mitigation controls

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    What Is Port Blocking Within Lan

    Local Area Network port blocking is defined as a method to restrict users from seeking out the service that is within the local area network and is called blocking. This type is used such that the destination nodes are not accessible and can be used only on the internet for one device running on it. These are used to prevent hacking of victims and stealing of data.

    You Receive An Email From Your Bank Telling You There Is A Problem With Your Account The Email Provides Instructions And A Link So You Can Log Into Your Account And Fix The Problem

    Cyber Security Interview Questions And Answers | Cyber Security Interview Preparation | Intellipaat

    What should you do?

    Delete the email. Better yet, use the web client and report it as spam or phishing, then delete it.

    Any unsolicited email or phone call asking you to enter your account information, disclose your password, financial account information, social security number, or other personal or private information is suspicious even if it appears to be from a company you are familiar with. Always contact the sender using a method you know is legitimate to verify that the message is from them.

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    Q16 What Is The Difference Between C And U

    Ans-Background with profile generator the table USOBX_C defines with the authorization and should be maintained in the PG. It should be developed table or table USOBT_C with four indicators.

    An authority check is carried out against this object. The field values are developed for changing. Default values must be sustained.

    No default values can be maintained for this authorization.

    The authority check against this object is disabled.

    No check is indicator set. Always carried against this object. Field values are not emphasized.No default can be maintained for this authorization.

    Share With Us Your Greatest Achievement

    My greatest achievement is my progress in my last job and my final year project, as well as a few certificates that I got in the past few years. We made a virus that we tried to put into our systems via hacking and the firewall that we created, successfully stopping it from entering our security systems. At that time, everyone was clapping. I think that was one of the biggest moments that I noticed in my life.

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    What Is A Ddos Attack And How To Stop And Prevent Them

    A DDOS is a malicious attempt of disrupting regular traffic of a network by flooding with a large number of requests and making the server unavailable to the appropriate requests. The requests come from several unauthorized sources and hence called distributed denial of service attacks.

    The following methods will help you to stop and prevent DDOS attacks:

    • Build a denial of service response plan
    • Protect your network infrastructure
    • Consider DDoS as a service

    What Do You Mean By A Ddos Attack How Can You Prevent It

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    It’s a form of cyber threat or malicious effort in which fraudsters use Internet traffic to fulfill legitimate requests to the target or its surrounding infrastructure, causing the target’s regular traffic to be disrupted. The requests originate from a variety of IP addresses, which might cause the system to become unworkable, overload its servers, cause them to slow down or go offline, or prevent an organization from performing its essential responsibilities.

    The methods listed below will assist you in stopping and preventing DDOS attacks:

    • Create a denial of the service response strategy.
    • Maintain the integrity of your network infrastructure.
    • Use fundamental network security measures.
    • Keep a solid network architecture.
    • Recognize the Warning Signs
    • Think about DDoS as a service.

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    What Are The Qualities That An Information Security Analyst Needs To Be Successful

    The main purpose of this question is to know the most demanding skill sets that should be there in an information security analyst and a few things related to routines such as punctuality and dedication.

    A person interested in a security analyst career should have Strong Data Analysis Skills, Solid Sense of Logic, Ingenuity, Skilled Problem Solver, and Orientation to Detail. Other than that, he should be punctual and think things logically to make a way out of the problem

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  • How Do You Differentiate Between Viruses And Worms

    While viruses attach to a file or program, worms exploit network vulnerabilities to enter a network. Viruses only replicate when activated by a host, and will remain dormant in a system until an action is taken to trigger execution. Conversely, worms propagate independently after breaching a system and can spread without human interaction or the assistance of a host.

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    What Do You Mean By Cybersecurity

    Cybersecurity is the protection of critical systems and sensitive information from digital security threats. The field of cybersecurity encompasses infrastructure security, network security, cloud security, and application security. Cybersecurity protocols are responsible for preventing security breaches that could compromise an organizations data and infrastructure. Cybersecurity encompasses security engineering and architecture, incident response, consulting, testing, and ethical hacking.

    How Frequently Do You Perform Patch Management

    Cyber Security Interview Questions And Answers | Network Security Interview Preparation |Simplilearn

    Patches are necessary to prevent security breaches, and patch management is a vital part of upgrading and securing apps, software, and operating systems. The frequency with which you should perform management depends on the unique components of your security infrastructure as well as industry-specific regulatory requirements .

    As a rule of thumb, you should conduct antivirus updates weekly, and database patches should be installed quarterly in confluence with the patch release cycle. Vital security patches should be implemented within days of release. Daily patch reports consisting of inventory scans can help verify that all recent updates are installed.

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    Modern Times Modern Solutions

    Through our research, weve found countless GRC programs use buzzwords such as: organization GRC, compliance GRC, or enterprise GRC but simply dont aggregate data in a feasible and readable way. Charts in GRC tools are presented in complex, time-consuming metrics that need to be mapped and do not work across other GRC tools in unity.

    Additionally, legacy GRC tools do not operate interchangeably, limiting visibility across lines of business meaning everything is segmented, further costing resources, and increasing the likelihood of errors over time when using a GRC tool. These headaches often result in security teams using spreadsheets to determine risk assessments rather than a GRC tool.

    For any business, large or small, running an information security initiative off a spreadsheet is a static, dated, and flawed process. By adopting an integrated mindset and utilizing an enterprise risk management solution, you can gain access to your organization’s posture as a whole in a way that can align your teams to your business objectives.

    Why Do You Feel You Are The Most Suited For This Role

    Tell more about your skills, educational background, and experience over here. Your interest and motivation also play a huge role, so try to state these things as this will make you the best choice for the role.

    My educational background, certificates, experience in the practical field, and interest, all these things make me the best choice for this role. If you have an interest, you gradually build skills in it and make the things work out for you. The most important thing is passion, and I am very concerned about this job, and I have skills for this job as well. So this is why I am pretty much, like confident, you can say, that I am the best suit for this job.

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    Explain The Brute Force Attack How To Prevent It

    It is a trial-and-error method to find out the right password or PIN. Hackers repetitively try all the combinations of credentials. In many cases, brute force attacks are automated where the software automatically works to login with credentials. There are ways to prevent Brute Force attacks. They are:

    • Setting password length.
    • Set limit on login failures.

    Define The Composite Role In Grc

    Capability

    A group of several different roles is collected in one container and that container is known as a composite role. It can be also called as roles. Now, these roles do not deal with authorization data. So for changing authorizations that are represented by the composite roles, we just need to maintain each role separately for maintaining the data which is time-consuming.

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