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How To Cite Interviews In Mla

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Works Cited Page Citation

Citing an Interview in MLA Style

Last name, First name of speaker. Speech Title. Conference where speech was

presented, Speech date, Hosting Organization/Institution, Location of

conference. Presentation type.

Heres an example of how the citation would look with actual content:

Delilo, Amara. How to Win at Marketing .

City. Featured speaker presentation.

How To Cite An Interview That Is Published

When citing published interviews, indicate the full name of interview and interviewee. In the case where the interviews name is part of a greater work such as a television program, film series or a book, add the interviews title in quotation marks, then add the greater works title in italics. Where the interview appears to be an independent title, you need to place it in italics. If it is a book, indicate the name of the editor or author after the title of the book.

Key to note when learning how to cite an interview is that there are interviews with no titles. If the interview youre quoting doesnt have a title, indicate the descriptor Interview after you have placed the name of the interviewee and before the name of the interviewer. An example of how to cite an interview that is published is:

Gaitskill, Jane. Interview with Chris Smith. Nicaragua Review, vol.23, no.6, 2017, pp. 42-69.

Interviews And Personal Communication


This section contains information on The Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation. These resources follow the seventeenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in 2017.

In citations for interviews and personal communications, the name of the person interviewed or the person from whom the communication is received should be listed first. This is followed by the name of the interviewer or recipient, if given, and supplemented by details regarding the place and date of the interview/communication. Unpublished interviews and personal communications are best cited in-text or in notes rather than in the bibliography. Published interviews should be cited like periodical articles or book chapters.

Interviews with anonymous sources can be cited without including the name of the sourcee.g. anonymous informant #3 or recreational psilocybin userbut you must explain in the text why you are not giving the name of your source.

Unpublished Interviews

Note: If the interview is unpublished, but there is a transcript or recording available, you should include information as to where said transcript/recording can be found. This can be as simple as a URL, or as complex as a location in an institutional archive the latter is shown in the example below.

Title of Broadcasting ProgramTitle of Broadcasting Program

This is shown in the second example.

ycamore Review,

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Primary Source Interview Criteria

As you know, a primary source is one that contains original material, not an evaluation of a source. In the case of interviews, if you find a published interview in a magazine, check these criteria to determine if its a primary or secondary source.

  • Was the interview conducted by the author themselves?
  • Is the interview about the subject?
  • Is the published version the original one?
  • Cloyd, Allison. Personal interview. 24 July 2014.

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    Citing Personal Interviews Vs Published Interviews

    How to Cite an Interview in MLA Format with Sample Citations

    Personal or unpublished interviews are those that you conduct yourself with the interviewee. Personal interviews have not been published anywhere, making them very simple to cite across all style guides. However, a published interview requires a more complicated web of information.

    As youll see, each citation style has different rules for different types of interviews. In general, however, just remember that a citation to a published interview must also include a citation to the publication.

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    How To Cite An Interview In

    Using an interview in your research paper gives a readers a firsthand account of the topic. Modern Language Association style has three ways to cite interviews on a bibliography and one in-text method. The bibliography citation depends upon whether you are using a personal interview you conducted yourself, an interview published in a printed reference or an interview published online. Yet the in-text citation is the same regardless.

    How To Cite An Interview Mla In Text Owl Purdue? List the interview by the name of the interviewee. If the interview has a title, place it in quotation marks. Cite the remainder of the entry as you would other exclusive web content. Place the name of the website in italics, give the publisher name , the publication date, and the URL.

    How do you in-text cite an interview MLA? When citing an interview in MLA style, the name of the person being interviewed appears as the author in the in-text citation. In the Works Cited entry, the interviewees name is followed by the title of the interview in quotation marks.

    Can you cite an interview in MLA? The MLA citation for a personal interview should follow this format: Last name of person interviewed, First name. Date of interview.

    How To Quote A Personal Interview In Mla

    You have an amazing interview that will be perfect for your MLA paper. But, you dont know how to cite an interview in MLA. If you interview a person, cite your entry the same way you would a personal communication. You can do this one of three ways: email, telephone, and in person. In all cases, youll follow the container system with the nine core elements of MLA style citation.

    Learn how to do all three MLA 8 interview citation types by following these examples.

    Example Email Interview Citation

    Last Name of Person Who Was Interviewed, First Name. Subject Line of Email. Received by Name of Person Who Received Email, Day Month Year of Email. Email Interview.

    Anaya, Rudolfo. Re: Banning of Bless Me Ultima. Received by Jessica Carranza, 4 June 2019. Email Interview.

    Example In-Person Interview Citation

    Last Name of Person Interviewed, First Name. Interview. By Interviewer First Name Last Name. Day Month Year of Interview.

    Anaya, Rudolfo. Interview. By Jessica Carranza. 4 June 2019.

    Example Telephone Interview Citation

    Last Name of Person Interviewed, First Name. Interview. Day Month Year of Interview. By Interviewer First Name Last Name. Telephone Interview.

    Anaya, Rudolfo. Interview. 4 June 2019. By Jessica Carranza. Telephone interview.

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    Citing An Interview In Mla Style

    In an MLA Works Cited entry for an interview published in a newspaper, you list the interviewee in the author element. Clarify who conducted the interview after the title, and use the interviewees name in the MLA in-text citation.

    MLA format Interviewee last name, First name. Interview Title. Interview by Interviewer first name Last name. Newspaper Name, Day Month Year, URL. or p. Page number.
    1. Kazuo Ishiguro: AI, Gene-Editing, Big Data I Worry We Are Not in Control of These Things Any More,’ interview by Lisa Allardice, Guardian, February 20, 2021,

    2. Ishiguro, AI, Gene-Editing, Big Data.

    For interviews published in other source types, follow the relevant format , always listing the interviewee as the author.

    Mla Works Cited: Other Common Sources

    How to Cite an Informational Interview – MLA


    MLA style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook , offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

    Several sources have multiple means for citation, especially those that appear in varied formats: films, DVDs, television shows, music, published and unpublished interviews, interviews over e-mail, published and unpublished conference proceedings. The following section discusses these sorts of citations as well as others not covered in the print, periodical, and electronic sources sections.

    Use the following format for all sources:

    An Interview

    Interviews typically fall into two categories: print or broadcast published and unpublished interviews, although interviews may also appear in other, similar formats such as in e-mail format or as a Web document.

    Personal Interviews

    Personal interviews refer to those interviews that you conduct yourself. List the interview by the name of the interviewee. Include the descriptor Personal interview and the date of the interview.

    Smith, Jane. Personal interview. 19 May 2014.

    Note: If the interview from which you quote does not feature a title, add the descriptor, Interview by after the interviewees name and before the interviewers name.

    Gaitskill, Mary. Interview with Charles Bock. Mississippi Review, vol. 27, no. 3, 1999, pp. 129-50.


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    How Do I Cite A Personal Interview That Occurred On More Than One Day

    Note: This post relates to content in the eighth edition of the MLA Handbook. For up-to-date guidance, see the ninth edition of the MLA Handbook.

    To cite a personal interview that occurred on more than one day, begin by following the MLA format template. In general, treat the person being interviewed as the author. Then follow the guidelines on pages 2829 of the MLA Handbook and include the description interview as the Title of source element. You may list the interviewers name as an Other contributor after the description. In the Publication date slot, treat the dates of the interview as a range if they are consecutive:

    Cohen, Allan. Interview. Conducted by Christine Stevens, 24-25 May 2016.

    If the dates are not consecutive, treat them as a series:

    Doe, Jane. Interview. Conducted by John Smith, 3 and 6 Aug. 2017.

    Doe, John. Interview. Conducted by Jorge Menocal, 2, 3, and 7 Sept. 2016.

    Print And Broadcast Interviews

    Cite a print or broadcast interview similarly to how you would cite a journal article or an episode of a television series. In fact, if the interview was published in a journal or is otherwise part of a longer series, cite the series.

    Use this format for an interview published in a periodical:

    Last name, First name of interviewee. Interview Title. Periodical title, volume,

    number, publication date, page range.


    Whainer, Alana. Why Didnt You Call Back? All of the People, vol. 26,

    no. 4, 1998, 2331.

    Use this same format for broadcast interviews, substituting the title of the program for the periodicals title. Instead of a volume and/or a number, include the episode number, if applicable and available.


    Khan, Awaiza. My First Five Years in Business. Business Leader Showcases,

    episode 16, 2009.

    If the interview doesnt have a title, put Interview by Interviewers Name in place of a title.

    Use this format to cite interviews published in books:

    Last name, First name of interviewee. Interview/Chapter Title. Book title, Name

    of author, Publishers name, Publication date.


    Fontes, Alex. The Best Day Ever. Our Greatest Days, Our Worst Days, Lena

    Mikkelson, Press Play, 2019.

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    How To Cite A Lecture Or Speech In Mla Format

    Any time you use a fact, a figure, or other information from a source to support your position in a piece of academic writing, you need to cite the source you used for that information. This is true no matter where you got the information, be it a book, an article, a television show, or a live speech.

    Citing a source notes information that came from a source other than your own observations or insights. It involves crediting that sources author and publisher and including any other relevant information about the people and/or groups who created that source. If a piece of information you cite in your work came from a lecture you attended or a speech you listened to, your citation needs to credit the speaker, their platform, and when relevant, any others who contributed to the information you referenced.

    Keep in mind that when youre citing a review or an article about a speech or lecture, youre citing a secondary source about the speech. Thus, you need to cite the article according to MLAs guidelines for citing articles, not speeches.

    How To Cite An Interview In Mla

    How To Cite A Personal Interview Mla

    Published on August 8, 2019 by Shona McCombes. Revised on June 16, 2022.

    When citing an interview in MLA style, the name of the person being interviewed appears as the author in the in-text citation.

    In the Works Cited entry, the interviewees name is followed by the title of the interview in quotation marks. If there is no title, use the description Interview .

    If you conducted the interview yourself, add your own name and the date on which the interview took place. If you found the interview in a published source, include the name of the interviewer and full details of the source.

    MLA interview citation examples

    Streefkerk, Raimo. Interview. Conducted by Shona McCombes, 20 July 2019.
    Spark, Muriel. Unsentimental Voyager. Interview by Stephanie Merritt. The Guardian, 10 Sep. 2000,
  • Citing a published interview in MLA
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    How To Cite An Interview In Mla Format In Text

    MLA: how you can cite an individual interview. Make sure you have personal interview citation lower! This is how: interviewee interview title magazine title date of publication url.

    To cite an individual interview inside a reference entry in MLA style eighth edition range from the following elements: Provide the surname and name as presented within the source . For 2 authors, reverse just the name, adopted by and and also the second name in normal order . For 3 or more authors, list the name adopted by et al. Title from the interview: Titles are italicized when independent. If a part of a bigger source add speech marks and dont italize. Interviewer name: Provide the surname and name as presented within the source . For 2 authors, reverse just the name, adopted by and and also the second name in normal order . For 3 or more authors, list the name adopted by et al. Title from the source: Container titles are italicized and adopted with a comma. Date of publication: Provide the day, month and year of publication.

    Video advice: MLA In-Text Citations 9th ed. Complete Guide

    How to Cite Emails, Letters and Interviews in MLA Referencing Need to cite a personal communication in MLA referencing? In this post, we look at how to cite correspondence, including emails, letters and interviews.

    • Citing Personal Communications in MLA Referencing
    • Emails and Letters in an MLA Works Cited List
    • Interviews in an MLA Works Cited List

    What If I Read The Speech

    When referencing a speech or lecture that you read in print, rather than attended live, cite it using this format:

    Last name, First name of speaker, Conference where speech was presented,

    Speech date, Location of conference. Location of publisher: Publishers name,

    Publication date. Medium.

    Jackson, Anthony, International Semiconductor Conference, 15 January 2020,

    Louisville. London: Semi Publishers, 2021. Magazine.

    When citing sources on your works cited page, list them in alphabetical order by speaker/authors surname.

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    Citing An Interview In Apa Style

    In an APA Style reference for an interview published in a newspaper, the interviewer is listed as author in the reference entry and the in-text citation.

    APA format
    In-text citation

    Because the name of the interviewer appears in the in-text citation, it wont always be clear whom youre quoting. Its important to clarify in the sentence when youre quoting the interviewees words.

    For interviews published in other source types , follow the relevant format, listing the interviewer as the author in each case.

    How To Quote An Online Interview In Mla

    MLA 8th Edition Personal Interview or Lecture Citation

    When it comes to quoting and citing an online interview, youre still going to follow the publication source. So, you will cite it like any other online source. For example, consider this interview of Rudolfo Anaya discussing the reasons why his book Bless Me Ultima is often banned. Follow this example for how to cite an online interview in MLA style format.

    Example Online Printed Interview

    Anaya, Rudolfo. Bless Me Ultima. C-Span 2013 LCV Cities Tour. 6 Feb. 2013. Accessed 4 June 2019.

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    Accurate Mla 8 Interview Citation Style

    Knowing how to quote an interview in MLA can come in handy. Using personal or published interviews is a good way to give your readers a direct link to the mind of your subject. You can direct your questions to help guide your project and develop your thesis. Cite your sources in MLA format accurately so researchers can readily access your reference material.

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    How To Cite An Interview

    Published on March 31, 2021 by Jack Caulfield. Revised on May 20, 2021.

    To cite a published interview from a newspaper, you need an in-text citation and a corresponding reference listing the interviewers name, the publication date, the interview title, the name of the newspaper, and a URL if the article was consulted online.

    The exact format varies across the different citation styles: APA, MLA, and Chicago style.

    When referring to an interview you conducted yourself as part of your research, you generally dont need to include a formal citation.

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    Interview In A Journal

    For an interview published in an academic journal, you need to include the journal name, volume and number, the date or year, and the page range. If you accessed the interview on an online database, include the name of the database and the DOI or stable URL.


    Read more about MLA journal citations.

    Citing A Personal Interview In Mla

    Mla citation telephone interview

    To cite an interview that you conducted yourself, start the Works Cited entry with the name of the interviewee. Then simply describe it with the word Interview, followed by your own name and the date on which the interview took place.

    In the parenthetical citation, you only need to include the interviewees last name.

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