Saturday, February 17, 2024

How To Prepare Data Science Interview

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What Is The Difference Between A Box Plot And A Histogram

How to prepare for your Microsoft Interview: Data Science

The frequency of a certain features values is denoted visually by both box plots

and histograms.

Boxplots are more often used in comparing several datasets and compared to histograms, take less space and contain fewer details. Histograms are used to know and understand the probability distribution underlying a dataset.

The diagram above denotes a boxplot of a dataset.

Data Science Interview Preparation Tip # 03

These questions intend to gain a better understanding of how you would respond to different workplace situations, and how you solve problems to achieve a successful outcome.

The main thing that the interviewers present you with is some sort of question that allows you to showcase how you encountered a conflict and then how you resolved that. The purpose of these questions is to let the interviewer know whether you are the best fit for their team or not.

Below given are some of the typical behavioural questions that are likely to come up in a data science interview:

  • How have you used data insights to persuade an opinion?
  • Have you ever made a mistake in a data science team project?
  • Give an example of a team conflict.
  • Describe a decision you made that wasnât popular.
  • Give an example of how you worked in a team.
  • How have you used data to elevate the customer experience?

A simple strategy to prepare and handle the data science behavioural questions is broken into the following two parts:

  • Select and refine stories
  • Implement Stories into STAR Framework

The second part is to implement the stories into a STAR technique to answer the question given. So, what is a STAR technique? STAR is how you set up a storyline in order to answer the question in a better and effective manner.

  • S – SituationFirst, start with a situation for the interviewers to understand what is the context of the storyline.
  • T – TaskLet the interviewers know about your roles and responsibilities in that storyline.
  • Top Data Scientist Interview Questions And Tips

    Explore this guide discussing what you can expect during a data science interview and example data science interview questions. You’ll also learn how best to prepare for a data science interview, including tips on practice and job research.

    You’ve landed an interview for your dream job as a data scientist and are ready to show off your knowledge and expertise to the hiring manager. But, as a data-oriented professional, you know that the best way to improve your chances of success is by preparing in advance with practice questions and answers.

    To help you put your best foot forward in your next interview, in this article you’ll explore some of the most common questions posed to data scientists in job interviews and find tips for answering them. At the end, you’ll also learn about some cost-effective, online courses that can that can help you ace your next interview.

    Also Check: Sample Oral Interview Questions And Answers

    Research The Role And Identify Your Fit

    Read the entire job description thoroughly, and consider what the responsibility and tasks youâll be performing are. From there, you can gauge the soft and technical skills that youâll need for the job. To really nail the interview and prepare properly, youâll need to have a clear idea of what the role is and what the requirements will be.

    Look up what the interviewer does at the company in most cases, the main interviewer will be an immediate â or close â supervisor for the position you are applying to. Researching them, their role, and critically thinking about how your roles will interact will be helpful during the interview .

    With a clear idea of what the role and job description are, youâll be able to predict which topics will be covered in the interview, and better determine which topics to focus on when preparing. If you havenât performed a relevant task since since you last left school, you may want to brush up on it before the interview so you know how to discuss it with confidence.

    Itâs also important to research industry, company, and technical terminology so you sound informed, can follow along, and can engage throughout the interview.

    Which Are The Important Steps Of Data Cleaning

    87 Must

    Different types of data require different types of cleaning, the most important steps of Data Cleaning are:

  • Treatment for Missing Data
  • Data Cleaning is an important step before analysing data, it helps to increase the accuracy of the model. This helps organisations to make an informed decision.

    Data Scientists usually spends 80% of their time cleaning data.

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    What Is Dimensionality Reduction What Are Its Benefits

    Dimensionality reduction is defined as the process of converting a data set with vast dimensions into data with lesser dimensions in order to convey similar information concisely.

    This method is mainly beneficial in compressing data and reducing storage space. It is also useful in reducing computation time due to fewer dimensions. Finally, it helps remove redundant features for instance, storing a value in two different units is avoided.

    In short, dimensionality reduction is the process of reducing the number of random variables under consideration, by obtaining a set of principal variables. It can be divided into feature selection and feature extraction.

    Tip : Read And Review

    The first step you need to undertake while preparing for a data science interview is reading and reviewing all important information regarding your job profile. It could be anything from the job description to responsibilities, qualifications to pay package. Complete knowledge of the prerequisites will aid you while answering some basic data science interview questions like why is data science important to you, and why do you want to join our company, among others.

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    What Questions Should Interviewees Ask At The End Of The Interview

    These quick questions at the end of a data architecture interview will help candidates get a better understanding of the companys long-term goals and workflow processes.

  • What do you want me to focus on in the first 90 days of employment?
  • Have you deployed the recent technology of data democratization and how do you propose we acclimatize to the AI-ready data architecture?
  • What kind of skills is missing from the team which you might need me to plug in?
  • What is the data cleaning technology used in the company?
  • How does the company look at the shifts in data handling from on-premise to cloud-based architectures?
  • ALSO READ:Top 9 Roles to Pursue a Career in Data Science in 2022

    What Are Support Vectors In Svm

    How to Prepare for the Data Science Interview in 2022

    In the above diagram, we can see that the thin lines mark the distance from the classifier to the closest data points . These are called support vectors. So, we can define the support vectors as the data points or vectors that are nearest to the hyperplane. They affect the position of the hyperplane. Since they support the hyperplane, they are known as support vectors.

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    Suppose There Is A Dataset Having Variables With Missing Values Of More Than 30% How Will You Deal With Such A Dataset

    Depending on the size of the dataset, we follow the below ways:

    • In case the datasets are small, the missing values are substituted with the mean or average of the remaining data. In pandas, this can be done by using mean = df.mean where df represents the pandas dataframe representing the dataset and mean calculates the mean of the data. To substitute the missing values with the calculated mean, we can use df.fillna.
    • For larger datasets, the rows with missing values can be removed and the remaining data can be used for data prediction.

    Edyst Experts On How To Prepare For The Data Science Internship Interview

    You’ve selected a Data Science internship, and now it’s time to apply and get hired! By understanding what is involved while taking up the job, you can prepare better before appearing in the interview. Below are a few tips on how you can ace your resume as well as prepare for the interviews and impress prospective employers:

    • You must be the best candidate and should have the ability to analyze data.
    • It would help if you were comfortable working with multiple tools and environments like databases, programming languages, development tools, etc.
    • You must also be able to perform specific tasks related to Machine Learning, Computer Vision, and Natural Language Processing, among others.
    • Good communication skills are needed to be a successful data scientist. Open minded approach and good relationships with others are also essential for success in a data science internship program.

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    Important Data Science Interview Questions Answers And Key Concepts

    This list of 101 top data science interview questions, answers, and key concepts was built to help you prepare and ace your interview.

    In October 2012, the Harvard Business Review described Data Scientist as the sexiest job of the 21st century. Well, as we approach 2020 the description still holds true! The world needs more data scientists than are available for hire. All companies from the smallest to the biggest want to hire for a job role that has something Data in its name: Data Scientists, Data Analysts, Data Engineers etc.

    On the other hand, theres a large number of people who are trying to get a break in the Data Science industry, including people with considerable experience in other functional domains such as marketing, finance, insurance, and software engineering. You might have already invested in learning data science , but how confident are you for your next Data Science interview?

    This blog is intended to give you a nice tour of the questions asked in a Data Science interview. After thorough research, we have compiled a list of 101 actual data science interview questions that have been asked between 2016-2019 at some of the largest recruiters in the data science industry Amazon, Microsoft, Facebook, Google, Netflix, and Expedia, etc.

    If you want to know more regarding the tips and tricks for facing a data science interview, watch the AMA with some of our own Data Scientists.

    Diversify Your Coding Practise

    Top 100 Frequently Asked Data Science Interview Questions and Answers ...

    Are you in touch with your programming?

    Aside from your project coding, you may need to refresh your overall coding skills. Thats because your data science interview is likely to contain coding exercises to test your suitability for the position.

    If you fail test exercises, chances are youll not make it past the interview.

    According to a McKinsey survey, 43% of employers today said they find candidates dont have the skills they say they do. This is why your hiring manager will need to see a demonstration of your expertise during your interview.

    Coding tests for your interview can come in either one of two ways.

    Via CodeSignal and HackerRank, among other integrated development environments that your recruiter prefers, you may be required to take a timed coding test online. This typically involves Python but R and other languages can feature as well.

    If youre only proficient in one language, here are some data science learning resources which are the best way to prepare for a data science interview.

    Additionally, you may also be needed to perform a live coding session.

    LeetCode can come in handy for your practice sessions for a live test. This platform allows you to code on over 190 questions and gauges your answers against the correct ones.

    If a simpler code solution exists to solve a problem, its wise not to take the long road to earn favor. As long as your code runs, and youve demonstrated your process in clear and cornice steps, your interviewer will be impressed.

    Read Also: How To Get Rid Of Nervousness Before An Interview

    Data Science Interview Preparation: Top Tips For How To Nail It

    Youâve refined your resume, sent out an application, and got the call back – now you just need to nail your interview. To put your best foot forward, youâll want to properly prepare for the interview so you can make a great first impression.

    To help you do just that, we outline how to prepare for your data science interview by covering the following:

    • The main topics covered in a data science interview
    • Data scientist roles and responsibilities: what to expect
    • How to prepare for your data science interview
    • Common questions youâll be asked in a data science job interview

    Before we dive into the best strategies and things to consider when preparing for your interview, weâll cover some of the things that are likely to come up in your interview.

    Resources To Help You Land Your Data Science Dream Job

    Data science interviews, like other technical interviews, require plenty of preparation. There are a number of subjects that need to be covered in order to ensure you are ready for back-to-back questions on statistics, programming and machine learning.

    Before we get started, theres one tip Id like to share.

    Ive noticed that there are several types of data science interviews that companies conduct.

    Some data science interviews are very product and metric driven. These interviews focus more on asking product questions like what kind of metrics would you use to show what you should improve in a product. These are often paired with SQL and some Python questions.

    The other type of data science interview tends to be a mix of programming and machine learning.

    We recommend asking the recruiter if you arent sure which type of interview you will be facing. Some companies are very good at keeping interviews consistent, but even then, teams can deviate depending on what they are looking for. Here are some examples of what we have noticed about some companies data science interviews.

    Airbnb Product heavy, metrics diagnostics, metrics creation, A/B testing, tons of behavioral questions and take home material.

    Netflix Product-sense questions, A/B testing, experimental design, metric design

    Microsoft Programming heavy, binary tree traversal, SQL, machine learning

    Expedia Product, programming, SQL, product sense, machine learning questions about SVM, regression and decision tree

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    Specialize In A Niche

    Lets correct a common myth:

    You dont need to know everything about data science to get a job.

    As we said before, data science is a huge field with many subjects that you can specialize in. Trying to learn everything in data science is impossible.

    Instead, you should be targeting jobs that match with your skillset and niche.

    When companies hire data scientists, they usually have a specific purpose they want the data scientist to fill or achieve. They dont need you to know everything about data science. They only need you to be good at certain skills that help them achieve their goals.

    If you havent found your niche, learn the basics of data science first. Once you have gotten the exposure and experience from all subject areas, you will know what are your strengths and weaknesses.

    From there, you can choose a data science field to master in based on your interests and strength.

    If you are looking for a place to start learning data science 101, you can attend one of our 360 classes on data science or python.

    By specializing and targeting jobs in your niche, you will become a more suitable candidate to your employers compared to other candidates. In fact, specializing in a niche will increase your chances of getting a job rather than being an all-rounder.

    What Interviews To Expect

    How to Prepare For Data Science Interviews
  • HR recruiter phone screen
  • Technical screen
  • Let’s take a look at each of those steps in a bit more detail.

    1.1.1 HR recruiter phone screen

    In most cases, you’ll start your interview process by talking to an HR recruiter on the phone. They are looking to confirm that you’ve got a chance of getting the data science job at all, so be prepared to explain your background and why youre a good fit at the company. You should expect typical behavioral and resume questions like, “Tell me about yourself”, “Why ?”, or “Tell me about your current day-to-day.”

    If you get past this first HR call, the recruiter will then help schedule a technical screen. At this time, theyll also walk you through the next steps in the hiring process and theyll likely share some company resources to help you prepare.

    1.1.2 Technical screen

    If you get past the HR call, youll make it to the technical screen, where youll have one or two phone interviews and/or a take-home assessment. The type of interviews youll face at this stage depends on which company youre applying to.

    tends toward one or two interviews with a focus on SQL and product analytics, while s technical screen consists of one interview centered around statistics and coding. has the most variation in technical screens, with one or multiple take-home assignments and/or interviews focusing on live coding and machine learning questions.

    1.1.3 Onsite

    Right, ready to get into the interview questions?

    Let’s go.

    Read Also: What Questions Should I Expect In An Interview

    How Can You Avoid Overfitting Your Model

    Overfitting refers to a model that is only set for a very small amount of data and ignores the bigger picture. There are three main methods to avoid overfitting:

  • Keep the model simpletake fewer variables into account, thereby removing some of the noise in the training data
  • Use cross-validation techniques, such as k folds cross-validation
  • Use regularization techniques, such as LASSO, that penalize certain model parameters if they’re likely to cause overfitting
  • Data Scientist Master’s Program

    What Is A Linear Regression

    Ans. The linear regression equation is a one-degree equation with the most basic form being Y = mX + C where m is the slope of the line and C is the standard error. It is used when the response variable is continuous in nature for example height, weight, and the number of hours. It can be a simple linear regression if it involves continuous dependent variable with one independent variable and a multiple linear regression if it has multiple independent variables.

    Linear regression is a standard statistical practice to calculate the best fit line passing through the data points when plotted. The best fit line is chosen in such a way so that the distance of each data point is minimum from the line which reduces the overall error of the system. Linear regression assumes that the various features in the data are linearly related to the target. It is often used in predictive analytics for calculating estimates in the foreseeable future.

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