What Is The Difference Between Requirements And Specifications
Requirements are the features, functions, and goals of the proposed software system as defined by the client. For example, a company may want their software to Store shopping cart data for at least 30 days. This would be a requirement.
Specifications, on the other hand, explain how these features, functions, and goals are to be met. For example, a specification would be A users session information will be persisted into the operational datastore upon logout or session timeout and maintained for 30 days.
Describe A Time When You Failed In This Role And The Lesson You Learned
I wasnât used to teamwork at the beginning of my career, and therefore, instead of asking questions at some point, I decided to assume, believing that my assumptions were correct. It backfired on me, and I earned a severe reprimand from the quality assurance manager. This experience taught me the importance of teamwork and constantly liaising with my team members on projects, which I have since done dutifully. I am positive that I will blend in well with your team if I get this job.
What Do You Understand By Automation Testing
Automation testing is done using automation processes and testing tools. In automation testing, the automation engineers develop automated tests processes for various systems and tools. These tests ensure that a given software or technological product meets all the requirements to benefit the end-user. It, therefore, confirms that the given product does whatever it is destined to. Therefore, the test cases check for defects, bugs, and any issue that needs attention.
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Frequently Asked Qa Interview Questions
Q #1) What is the difference between Quality Assurance, Quality Control, and Testing?
Answer: Quality Assurance is the process of planning and defining the way of monitoring and implementing the quality processes within a team and organization. This method defines and sets the quality standards of the projects.
Quality Control is the process of finding defects and providing suggestions to improve the quality of the software. The methods used by Quality Control are usually established by quality assurance. It is the primary responsibility of the testing team to implement quality control.
Testing is the process of finding defects/bugs. It validates whether the software built by the development team meets the requirements set by the user and the standards set by the organization.
Here, the main focus is on finding bugs and the testing teams work as a quality gatekeeper.
Q #2) When do you think QA activities should start?
Answer:QA activity should start at the beginning of the project. The more early it starts the more beneficial it is to set the standard for achieving the quality.
The cost, time and efforts are very challenging in case the QA activities get delayed.
Q #3) What is the difference between the Test Plan and Test Strategy?
Q #4) Can you explain the Software Testing Life Cycle?
Answer:Software Testing Life Cycle refers to a testing process that has specific steps to be executed in a definite sequence to ensure that the quality goals have been met.
What Will You Do When A Bug Turns Up During Testing
When a bug occurs, we can follow the below steps.
- We can run more tests to make sure that the problem has a clear description.
- We can also run a few more tests to ensure that the same problem doesnt exist with different inputs.
- Once we are certain of the full scope of the bug, we can add details and report it.
How Much Testing Is Considered Sufficient
It is impossible to exhaustively test an application. Testers need to pick test cases that the most likely to test the apparent vulnerabilities of the code. In order to stay efficient, the focus on testing should be on common problem areas and important features and functionality.
The interviewee should be able to define a good balance between exhaustive and efficient testing. Itâs essential to acknowledge that the testing process needs to have a definitely end goal.
How Would You Manage A Testing Issue
This question attempts to uncover how you might handle problems during your testing. The interviewer might like to hear about how you manage issues with the software test itself. Explain to the interviewer what your general steps would include before asking your supervisor.
Example: “Depending on the issue, I would rerun my test to ensure the testing was being implemented correctly. If the problem persisted, I would restart the software and testing environment to make sure everything was working on the testing side. If problems persisted after a couple of minutes, I would talk to my supervisor or manager so I could manage my time wisely.”
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What Kind Of Strategies And Mindset Is Required For This Role
A QA automation engineer should choose a cost-effective and result-oriented test automation strategy as it ensures maximum success. Such a strategy ensures that the business is t par with the market and the software development team does not fail. However, the QA automation engineer should be conversant with the test automation life cycle and feasibility analysis. As for the right strategy, one needs to be result-oriented. The main reason we conduct automation tests is to discover bugs and issues that need immediate attention.
In Case You Find A Bug In Production How Do You Make Sure That The Exact Bug Is Not Found Again
Answer: The best response to the finding of the bug is to write a test case for the said production defect and include it in the regression suite, to make sure that this same bug is not introduced again. You can also come up with an alternate test case and include the same in the planned execution.
Below listed are the Quality Engineer interview questions for a manufacturing quality engineer to help you brush up with the concept and help you prepare for the interview qualitatively.
Some quality engineer interview questions regarding manufacturing quality engineer are:
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Should Qa’s Resolve Production Issues
You might have varying opinions on this one, but I’d advise you to answer “Yes”.
Its often good for the QA to be involved in solving production issues. They should, when possible, write test cases and try to find the issues. By getting involved, the QA is minimizing the number issues in the final product.
Here Is The List Of 10 Quality Assurance Interview Questions:
Now check all these quality assurance interview questions and their answers in detail:
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List Of Qa Interview Questions And Answers
My goal with this article is to help prepare you for the kind of QA interview questions you’ll be asked whether it’s about automation, your testing process, or your personality.
Often, the interviewer will be interested in two things: your abilities as a QA engineer and your approach to testing.
Some QA interview questions will be open ended or seem vague. This is because the interviewer wants to listen to your approach. They’re trying to get a sense of the kind of worker you are, and, more importantly, if you’re the kind of worker that will fit in with their testing team.
Without further ado, here’s a list of common QA interview questions and answers for you to get an idea for your responses. Good luck!
Why Do We Need Software Testing
Sometimes its important to be reminded why what youre doing matters. The simple fact is that every piece of software ever developed that found success did so with the help of software testers working tirelessly to ensure the product was at as high a standard possible. Heres three reasons why software testing matters.
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Whats The Relationship Between Environment Reality And Test Phases
As test phases start moving ahead environment reality becomes more important. For example, while unit testing, you need the environment to be partly real, but at the acceptance phase you should have a 100% real environment, or we can say it should be the actual real environment.
The above graph shows during acceptance testing it should be 100% real.
What Are The Roles Of A Qa Automation Engineer
A QA automation engineer plays an essential role in the software development process. They are primarily charged with designing automated tests to validate the functionality of different software and applications. Other roles include arranging and attending meetings with the software design team, reviewing bug reports and singling out the problem areas, identifying the target areas in different software applications, designing and installing databases, generating test reports after identifying quality issues, solving application faults in collaboration with the design team and troubleshooting the software used for automation.
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What Is The Difference Between Severity And Priority
These are important distinctions that must be known for proper time management. Severity is how difficult the issue is to fix. Priority is how important the issue is to fix.
Just because an issue is high severity doesnt necessarily mean its high priority and vice versa.
Heres an example of a high severity, low priority issue:
- The application crashes when a rarely used function is run on legacy software that most users cant access.
Heres an example of a low severity, high priority issue:
- The wrong company logo is displayed on startup.
What Is A Quality Assurance Engineer
Quality assurance engineers provide support to software development teams when it comes to application creation, application testing, implementation, and troubleshooting. That means that they are involved in the development process from beginning to end.
They are the arbiters of a companys standards and one of the best defenses against problems in source code or other issues with software applications and other services.
How Has Your Academic Background Prepared You For A Position In Software Quality Assurance
A recruiter asks this question during an interview for several reasons. First, they want to gather information about your education and training, so discuss any certifications you have. They also want to see how you adapt your academic knowledge to benefit the position by applying your training in real-life situations. When responding to this question, focus on your training and how you implement your learning into your career. Refer to the job description to highlight critical skills and qualifications in your answer.
Example: “After receiving my bachelor’s degree in computer science, it armed me with the theoretical knowledge and concepts to help me become a successful quality assurance engineer. My training prepared me with ideas, concepts and best practices to implement in my career. For example, my education provided me with an understanding of the verification testing processes I use every day. In my current position, I monitor and test software engineering to ensure the highest quality of performance.”
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What Is The Purpose Of The End
End-to-end testing is a testing strategy to execute tests that cover every possible flow of an application from its start to finish. The objective of performing end-to-end tests is to discover software dependencies and to assert that the correct input is getting passed between various software modules and sub-systems.
What Is The Difference Between Performance Testing And Monkey Testing
Performance testing checks the speed, scalability, and/or stability characteristics of a system. Performance is identified with achieving response time, throughput, and resource-utilization levels that meet the performance objectives for a project or a product.
Monkey testing is a technique in software testing where the user tests the application by providing random inputs, checking the behavior of the application .
How Will You Deal With People Who Do Not Abide By The Quality Standards
This question tests your communication and leadership skills.
Tip #1: Display how to balance the workers welfare with the project
Tip #2: Be genuine
I will first investigate the root cause of the issue. There must be something wrong with the person if that is the first underperforming record. I will approach the person and remind them to keep on track with the standards. If the issue persists, depending on my position, I may need to have the person replaced.
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Explain White Box Testing
- White box testing is a testing technique that evaluates the internal logic and structure of the code.
- In order to impement the white box testing, the testers should have the knowledge of coding so that they can deal with the internal code. They look into the internal code and finds out the unit which is malfunctioning.
How Do You Figure Out How Much Testing Is Needed For A Software
How much testing a software needs depends on its complexity. This helps determine the level of testing required.
The interviewee should be able to provide a basic explanation of the concept of cyclomatic complexity and preferably display knowledge of nodes, edges, and calculating cyclomatic complexity for a piece of software.
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What Do You Mean By Monkey Testing In The Context Of Quality Assurance
Monkey testing is a software testing technique in which the tester inserts any random inputs into the software application without using predefined test cases and observes the software program’s behaviour to see if it crashes. The goal of monkey testing is to use experimental ways to uncover faults and problems in software applications. Monkey testing is a sort of black-box testing that involves supplying random inputs to a system in order to check its behaviour, such as whether it is crashing or not. Monkey testing does not necessitate the creation of test cases. It can also be automated, in the sense that we can develop programs or scripts to produce random inputs in order to test the system’s behaviour. When undertaking stress or load testing, this technique comes in handy.
Monkeys are divided into two categories:
Explain The Basic Steps For The Bug Cycle
The bug cycle occurs after a bug or multiple bugs are discovered in the product system. Once the bug is identified by the person testing it, it is then assigned to a development manager. If the bug is a valid and substantial defect, the development team will assess and correct it. If the bug is not a valid defect, it will be marked as rejected and then ignored. After that, the developers and quality assurance team will check whether the bug is in scope. If the bug isnt part of the products current release, then the defect correction will be postponed. If the bug is identified earlier, then the tester will mark it as duplicated. If the bug is taken to a developer to correct, it will be marked as in-progress. Once the bug is eliminated, and the defect is repaired, it will be marked as fixed, The tester will assign a closed status once further testing proves the defect is completely taken care of.
For more information please visit the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
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How Much Time Is Enough Time To Test For A Release
Of course, any tester wants as much time as possible. But the luxury of time exists only in a perfect world, and you donât see this world populated only by Hemsworth Brothers, do you? Still, itâs an opportunity to set and learn expectations about how much time they are used to, and what time or process they prefer.
Ask your interviewees to speak to their experiences about getting a job done under pressureâand to explain the other steps they would have included if the team was given a few more days.
If they resist the urge to sigh dramatically, so much the better.
What Is Agile Testing And Why Is It Important
Agile testing is a software testing process that evaluates software from the customers point of view. It is favorable as it does not require the development team to complete coding for starting QA. Instead, both coding and testing go hand in hand. However, it may require continuous customer interaction.
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