Monday, January 30, 2023

Software Development Manager Amazon Interview

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Differentiate Black Box Testing From White Box Testing

The SDM Interview at Amazon

Here, your knowledge about black box and white box testing is tested. The interviewer wants to know whether you can differentiate the two.

Tip #1: Define black box and white box testing

Tip #2: Differentiate the two types of testing

Sample Answer

White box testing seeks to test an application with an understanding of its internal structure as well as code implementation. This type of testing is done by the developer who wrote the code and is conducted in the form of unit tests.

On the other hand, black-box testing regards testing an application without knowing its code implementation or internal structure. Here, testers are only concerned about software functionality rather than the code execution or data blow.

How To Prepare For The Amazon Sde Interview

You can crack the Amazon Software Development Engineer Interview if you stick to the following tips.

  • Learn about Amazon’s leadership principles and the company culture.
  • Aim for 10 to 15 mock interviews to analyze your interview style, identify any weaknesses and perfect your answers. Mock interview preparation is without a doubt the best way to ace your interview because itâs the closest thing to a real interview, without the high stakes of landing your dream job. The process allows you to practice the stories and answers youâve prepared and a great coach will give you direct feedback that you can use immediately. People see a dramatic improvement in confidence, communication style and the quality of their examples even after one hour of mock interview prep.
  • Get a firm grasp on the concept of data structures and algorithms and learn to code in any programming language.
  • Solve different problems and ask your peers to help you with interview preparation. You can use sites like HackerRank and LeetCode that have countless sample coding questions you can practice on.
  • Prepare your answers to the typical behavioral questions, and practice your storytelling techniques.

Which Aspects Do You Pay Attention To When Reviewing A Code Developed By Your Team

The interviewer wants to know the approach you take to review codes.

Tip #1: Describe the aspects you focus on in your code review

Tip #2: Show that you are competent in reviewing codes

Sample Answer

I begin by looking at the functionality, security, and readability of the code. Here, I ask whether the code is simple, or bloated, cluttered, and inefficient. Then, I assess how many lines of unnecessary codes should be removed or re-written. I also find out whether there is any weakness that might result in vulnerabilities. Besides, I check and confirm that the code has met the standards and regulatory requirements.

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Learn About Amazon’s Culture

Most candidates fail to do this. But before investing tens of hours preparing for an interview at Amazon, you should take some time to make sure it’s actually the right company for you.

Amazon is prestigious and it’s tempting to assume that you should apply, without considering things more carefully. But, it’s important to remember that the prestige of a job won’t make you happy in your day-to-day work. It’s the type of work and the people you work with that will.

If you know engineers or managers who work at Amazon , talk to them to understand what the culture is like. The leadership principles we discussed above can give you a sense of what to expect, but there’s no replacement for a conversation with an insider. Finally, we would also recommend the following resources:

What Are The Expectations From An Amazon Software Development Manager

Amazon Software Development Engineer Interview Questions

At Amazon, a Software Development Manager or SDM has to balance several responsibilities like retaining the top talent, managing technical debt, and having forward-looking features in their products. They have to ensure that the best engineers work on the roadmap items, are motivated, and believe theyâre working towards something thatâll have a positive impact. In order to crack the Engineering Manager interview at Amazon, you should be good at coding, design, and well as demonstrate astute leadership capabilities.

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What Does Amazon Look For In A Software Development Manager

Amazon looks for tech leaders with a passion for team development. The e-commerce arm of Amazon is open to candidates of more diverse backgrounds, but the Amazon Web Services arm strongly prefers people with a strong technical background.

Any employee at Amazon must strive to follow their 16 leadership principles. Cracking the Engineering Manager interview at Amazon will require you to know each of these leadership skills and what they stand for. Amazon believes that leadership is done daily, that you donât have to have a certain post to be a leader. Anyone who strives to follow their 16 principles is a leader. Itâs no surprise, then, that SDM candidates are tested for it.

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All this for only

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Whats Your Background And How Did You Get Into Management

Vidal: Maybe we could start a little bit, tell us about your background, maybe what you do now, how you got into management. Tell us a little bit about yourself?

Lavanya: Sure. I graduated from India after completing my engineering from computer science in one of the reputed colleges in India. I joined as a software engineer in a services company and, after a quarter, realized that I wanted to work for a product company. So I moved from the services to a networking product company and continued to work there for about three and a half / four years. Later, I moved here and continued with the same company, which was headquartered in the Bay Area, and continued to grow from an individual contributor to a manager.

Lavanya: So those are the things which made me think, let me move to management, and I ended up in management, right. Today, Im an engineering manager at Amazon, and thats been a great journey so far. So, thats where I stand.

Vidal: Nice. Could you say a little bit more, maybe like how you transitioned into management? So you applied to be a manager, or you were selected or asked by your boss, or how did that happen?

Lavanya: So yeah, so that was the whole move to management and the learning from that. Its been four years ever since Ive been a manager.

Hr Interview + Example Questions

Amazon Software Engineering Manager (SDM) Interview: Managing Performance

The HR interview is the first round of the Amazon software engineer interview process. It will be a brief 30-minute call with HR to understand your interests and skills for the role. It is important to note that through the Amazon recruitment process, each stage of the interview will focus heavily on Amazon leadership principles. When preparing for any of the interviews, you must exhibit the qualities that Amazonians possess and tie them with their leadership principles to communicate that you understand the company’s culture and goals.Here are a few example questions to practice for the HR interview:

  • Tell me a little about yourself.
  • Why do you want to work at Amazon?
  • What makes you the best candidate for this role?
  • Tell me about one of the accomplishments you’re most proud of.
  • What are your short-term and long-term goals?
  • Once you clear the HR interview, they will further share an online assessment with you as the next stage of the hiring process.

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    Amazon Software Development Manager Interview Process And Structure

    The first step to cracking the Engineering Manager interview at Amazon is understanding the interview process. The whole process for an SDM interview usually takes 2-4 weeks. Youâll have to go through several interviews but will likely receive the final results quickly within a few days of the onsite interview.

    Medianet Software Services Interview Preparation

    Professional and academic backgroundEligibility criteriaMedia.net interview preparation:Topics to prepare for the interviewTime required to prepare for the interviewInterview preparation tips for other job seekers

    Tip 1 : Practice daily 4-5 medium level problems on sites like Leetcode, CodeZen, HackerearthTip 2 : Even though Data Structures and Algorithms is the base but study Course Subjects like DBMS,OS,OOPS too.Tip 3 : Try to Participate in Contests on LeetCode,Codeforces.

    Application resume tips for other job seekers

    Tip 1 : Mention atleast 1 project and past work experience as it sets good impression.Tip 2 : Keep your resume up to date for the role you are applying.Tip 3 : Try to keep your resume of 1 Page.

    Final outcome of the interview

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    Onsite Interviews + Example Questions

    There will be 4-5 onsite interviews after you clear the technical phone screen. Candidates spend a day at one of the Amazon offices for these rounds and meet with interviewers across company levels, i.e., hiring managers, team members, managers, and senior executives.Out of all onsite interviews, 3-4 will mainly focus on coding questions, i.e., data structures & algorithms, computer science fundamentals, and system design questions. Candidates are expected to solve the coding questions on a whiteboard, so make sure you practice keeping this in mind. One interview will also be with an Amazon “Bar Raiser”, basically someone who works at Amazon but is not associated with the team you’re joining, that assesses a candidate’s behavioral fit around the leadership principles along with other technical questions.All interviews at Amazon will be 35-40 mins technical and 15-20 mins around the leadership principles, so it is important to ace both of them to clear a round.It is important to note that if you’re interviewing for entry-level roles, there might not be much focus on system design questions, which changes as you appear for more senior-level positions.Here are a few examples of Amazon software engineer interview questions you can practice to prep for onsite coding interviews:

  • Given an array of intervals where intervals = , merge all overlapping intervals, and return an array of the non-overlapping intervals that cover all the intervals in the input
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    AWS Business Development

    1-to-1 session | No credit card required

    Do you know that Amazon launched a new program called âBest Fitâ that allows software engineers to apply once and get considered for thousands of jobs across the company? This makes it easier to find a job that best fits your working styles and interests. Currently, Amazon has over 10,000 open positions for software engineers in the US. In 2021, they had a total of 1,608,000 full and part-time employees. The engineering roles at Amazon are challenging and competitive to land. In fact, itâs very common for it to take multiple attempts to secure a role at Amazon and other FAANG companies. So, it should go without saying that getting hired into one of these sought-after roles requires a great deal of dedication. Youâll need to focus both on improving the skills you can offer and perfecting your interview technique, but itâll all be worth it.â

    A software engineer working at Amazon explained why he loves working for this customer centric tech giant:

    âAt former companies, I didnât have a choice on what I worked on. Amazon offered me multiple job opportunities, and I chose to work directly with customers. I can now point out something to my kids and say, âI am working on thatâ, with pride.â

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    What Exactly Is Amazon Looking For

    At the end of each interview your interviewer will grade your performance using a standardized feedback form that summarizes the attributes Amazon looks for in a candidate. That form is constantly evolving, but we have listed some of its main components below.

    A) Notes

    The interviewer will file the notes they took during the interview. This usually includes: the questions they asked, a summary of your answers and any additional impressions they had .

    B) Technical competencies

    Your interviewer will then grade you on technical competencies. They will be trying to determine whether you are “raising the bar” or not for each competency they have tested. In other words, you’ll need to convince them that you are at least as good as or better than the average current Amazon SDE at the level you’re applying for .

    The exact technical competencies you’ll be evaluated against vary by role. But here are some common ones for SDE roles:

    • Problem solving
    • Have Backbone Disagree and Commit

    D) Overall recommendation

    Finally, each interviewer will file an overall recommendation into the system. The different options are along the lines of: “Strong hire”, “Hire”, “No hire”, “Strong no hire”.

    Interview Process And Timeline

    What’s the Amazon software development engineer interview process and timeline? It takes four to eight weeks on average and follows these steps:

  • Resume, cover letter, and referrals
  • HR recruiter email or call
  • Online assessment
  • Phone screens: one to two interviews
  • Onsite: four to six interviews
  • Debrief: interviewers make a decision
  • You get an offer!
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    How Do You Measure The Performance Of Your Software Development Team

    Here, the interviewer seeks to test whether you can assess and track the performance of your team.

    Tip #1: Describe how you would measure your teams performance

    Tip #2: Demonstrate your ability to assess and track performance

    Sample Answer

    I will begin by setting goals for the development team right from the beginning of every project. Then, I will communicate these goals to ensure all members understand them and what is expected of them. This will enable them to work effectively towards achieving them. I will also set long-term goals and develop ways to assess them. Thus, setting clear goals will help to assess and track employee performance.

    Questions To Ask The Interviewer

    SDM/TPM Interview Systems Design

    You can expect the question âdo you have any questions for usâ during the Amazon interview. Take this opportunity to ask smart questions about the company and the role. Following are some examples:

  • What is the overall purpose of this position?
  • How do you evaluate the performance of someone in this role?
  • What is the reason this position is being created?
  • What is the culture of the company?
  • What do you enjoy most about working here?
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    What Happens Behind The Scenes

    Your recruiter is leading the process and taking you from one stage to the next. Here’s what happens at each of the stages described above:

    • After the phone screens, your recruiter decides to move you to the onsite or not, depending on how well you’ve done up to that point
    • After the onsite, each interviewer files their notes into the internal system, grades you and makes a hiring recommendation
    • The “Debrief” brings all your interviewers together and is led by the Bar Raiser, who is usually the most experienced interviewer and is also not part of the hiring team. The Bar Raiser will try to guide the group towards a hiring decision. It’s rare, but they can also veto hiring even if all other interviewers want to hire you.
    • You get an offer. If everything goes well, the recruiter will then give you an offer, usually within a week of the onsite but it can sometimes take longer

    It’s also important to note that recruiters and people who refer you have little influence on the overall process. They can help you get an interview at the beginning, but that’s about it.

    Amazon Software Engineer Interview Guide

    Breaking into FAANG companies for tech roles is all about preparation and practice. From getting a resume review for landing an interview call to preparing for the interview to land the offer, it can be a lengthy but rewarding process if you accept the offer. Joining Amazon as a Software Engineer is a dream for many tech candidates, and this FAANG interview guide is to help you realize that dream! In this guide to cracking Amazon Software Engineer interviews, we’ve covered the following:

    • Amazon Interview Process and Timeline
    • HR Interview + Example Questions
    • Technical Phone Screen + Example Questions
    • Onsite Interviews + Example Questions

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    Have You Ever Failed As A Software Development Manager What Do You Learn

    Everyone can fail at some point but the important thing is to learn from failures. The interviewer tests whether you learn from your mistakes.

    Tip #1: Describe a failure that you experienced

    Tip #2: State the lesson you learned

    Sample Answer

    During my last assignment, I got a new client who wanted a particular software product for his business. I promised the client that the software would be ready in a month. When the development process began, we realized that some modules were a bit complex to develop and consequently they took time. After a month, the software wasnt ready yet. I realized I had underestimated the project completion time. The client got annoyed by the failed promise. But I reassured him that we were on course. Eventually, we deliver a great product. I learned that it is essential to assess the requirements of a project carefully to know exactly how much time will be needed to deliver it.

    Do You Consider Unit Testing Essential Or A Waste Of Time

    How to Overcome Test Automation Challenges?

    The interviewer wants to understand how you regard unit testing

    Tip #1: Describe your understanding of the unit testing

    Tip #2: Show whether unit testing is vital or a time-wasting process

    Sample Answer

    Unit testing is vital because it helps to assess coding flaws and logic errors thereby aiding in preventing bugs from advancing to the final product. Besides, it helps to prevent regressions, where bugs that were already fixed reappear. Unit testing is considered by most professionals in the industry as a best practice in software development and code maintenance. It is part of the overall testing strategy.

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