Friday, March 1, 2024

Cloud Security Architect Interview Questions

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What Is Cloudtrail And How Do Cloudtrail And Route 53 Work Together

Cloud Architect Technical Interview (Learn The Cloud Security Interview Questions!)

CloudTrail is a service that captures information about every request sent to the Amazon Route 53 API by an AWS account, including requests that are sent by IAM users. CloudTrail saves log files of these requests to an Amazon S3 bucket. CloudTrail captures information about all requests. You can use information in the CloudTrail log files to determine which requests were sent to Amazon Route 53, the IP address that the request was sent from, who sent the request, when it was sent, and more.

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A Customer Wants To Leverage Amazon Simple Storage Service And Amazon Glacier As Part Of Their Backup And Archive Infrastructure The Customer Plans To Use Third

  • A custom bucket policy limited to the Amazon S3 API in three Amazon Glacier archive company-backup
  • A custom bucket policy limited to the Amazon S3 API in company-backup
  • A custom IAM user policy limited to the Amazon S3 API for the Amazon Glacier archive company-backup.
  • A custom IAM user policy limited to the Amazon S3 API in company-backup.
  • Answer D.

    Explanation: Taking queue from the previous questions, this use case involves more granular permissions, hence IAM would be used here.

    What Kind Of Careers Can You Pursue With The Background Of Cloud Computing

    With a cloud computing background, you can pursue a career as a Cloud administrator, Cloud architect, Cloud automation engineer, Cloud consultant, Cloud engineer, Cloud security analyst, and Cloud software engineer. You can simply opt for a cloud computing course or cloud architect certification, and you are good to pursue a lucrative career in cloud computing.

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    How Do You Differentiate Between Symmetric And Asymmetric Encryption

    While symmetric encryption uses a single key for encryption and decryption, asymmetric encryption uses a public key for encryption and a private key for decryption. The success of symmetric encryption necessitates a secure exchange of the key, and the technique is typically used to transfer large volumes of data. Asymmetric encryption is a slower but more secure technique that is generally deployed to transfer small amounts of data. While symmetric encryption offers confidentiality, asymmetric encryption guarantees confidentiality as well as authenticity and non-repudiation.

    Top 6 Cloud Architect Interview Questions

    Software Architect interview questions and answers
  • How do you connect on-premise applications to cloud services?
  • What should be the strategy for application migration to the cloud?
  • What is Serverless ?
  • What is the problem in Lambda implementation?
  • What is the use of API Gateway?
  • Where to use NoSQL databases as compared to traditional relational databases?
  • As a beginner in the field of Cloud Computing, you can take up the Cloud Foundations Free Online Course offered by Great Learning Academy. The course will help you learn the basic concepts required to kick-start your career in Cloud Computing. It covers topics such as Service Deployment Fundamentals, Cloud Fundamentals, and Scaling Fundamentals.

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    Question 1 What Is The Difference Between Iops And Throughput

    This question is related to storage. If youre going to build storage architectures, you must know, because different applications require different levels of latency versus differentlevels of throughput.

    IOPS, or Input and Output Operations Per Second determines how frequently you canread and write to the disc.

    Thats the speed of disk access.

    IOPS is related to latency, and is the amount of latency.

    We can compare IOPS to the speed of a car that could drive at 200 miles an hour. The higher the IOPS: the more read/write operations per second, thus lower latency. NVME drives and SSD drives tend to have relatively low latency because the read/write operations are very fast.

    Magnetic drives by comparison typically have much higher latency and much lower IOPS.

    As mentioned, latency is measured in IOPS, and theres an inverse relationship between the amount of IOPS and the actual latency on the network.

    Throughput is related to the amount of data and is the amount of data that can be moved at any one period of time.

    We can compare throughput to whatever the cars trunk can carry. A car, a tractor-trailer, or a freight train would differ you could carry a lot more stuff in the latter.

    Video editors need drives that have very high throughput because theyre working with large file sizes. They can tolerate a little bit of latency.

    A database needs extreme speed in terms of read and write operations per second, a higherIOPS but is not moving large amounts of data.

    Explain The Difference Between Cloud And Traditional Data Centers

    • The traditional data center is expensive due to heating and hardware/software issues. Mostly, the expenditure is on the maintenance of the data centers.
    • Cloud is scaled up when there is an increase in demand, hence such expenditure issues are not faced in Cloud Computing.

    Learn more about AWS in AWS Tutorial!

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    What Is The Difference Between Scalability And Elasticity

    Scalability is the ability of a system to increase its hardware resources to handle the increase in demand. It can be done by increasing the hardware specifications or increasing the processing nodes.

    Elasticity is the ability of a system to handle increase in the workload by adding additional hardware resources when the demand increases but also rolling back the scaled resources, when the resources are no longer needed. This is particularly helpful in Cloud environments, where a pay per use model is followed.

    What Is Dns And What Are The Key Record Types

    Solutions Architect Interview Questions AWS

    Domain name System used to map IP addresses to a user friendly name. Phonebook of the internet. You can route traffic Based on geography, latency , weight etc. Key Record Types are as following:

  • A Record that match name to IPV4 address
  • AAAA Record that match name to IPV6 address
  • CNAME record where u map one domain to another domain
  • MX Record required for email.
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    What Is The Etl Procedure

    In data warehousing, data pipelines are frequently used to perform an extract, transform, and load method. ETL solutions run outside of the data warehouse, allowing the data warehouses resources to be focused on concurrent querying rather than data preparation and transformation. One disadvantage of performing the transformation outside of the data warehouse is that it necessitates learning new tooling and languages to represent the transforms.

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    Where Do You Think An Ami Fits When You Are Designing An Architecture For A Solution

    AMIs are like templates of virtual machines and an instance is derived from an AMI. AWS offers pre-baked AMIs which you can choose while you are launching an instance, some AMIs are not free, therefore can be bought from the AWS Marketplace. You can also choose to create your own custom AMI which would help you save space on AWS. For example if you dont need a set of software on your installation, you can customize your AMI to do that. This makes it cost efficient, since you are removing the unwanted things.

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    What Do You Mean By Xss

    Cross-site scripting is a type of cyberattack that injects malicious scripts into legitimate websites. XSS attacks use web applications to send these fragments of codetypically as browser-side scriptsto oblivious end users whose browsers execute the malicious script because it appears to originate from a trusted source.

    How Do You Develop Project Timelines For Ongoing System Upgrades

    GCP Cloud Architect Interview Questions

    Interviewers are looking for answers that show the candidate has excellent organizational and time management skills. Give an example of how you set timelines or develop a timeline. The interviewer will want to know if your process is efficient, accurate, and resourceful.

    Sample Answer

    I ensure that all ongoing system upgrades are kept in line with actual schedules and meet top management deadlines. To achieve these measures, I work very closely with my team in getting the job done on time. For instance, we would meet weekly and bi-monthly to see where we stand in terms of our goals while ensuring our schedule meets any deadline established by top management. Using this approach, we have accomplished these tasks every time without fail.

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    What Is Social Engineering

    Social Engineer is someone who is a master of asking seemingly non-invasive

    or unimportant questions to gather information over time

    • Gain trust
    • Reduce defenses

    Social Engineer use deception to get sensitive info from someone also s/he can combine number of techniques to gather sensitive information.

    What Are Your Expectations For This New Role

    A great way to answer this question is by discussing your long and short-term goals for the position. It can be a good idea to discuss both personal and professional expectations to show that you are a motivated professional who has set specific goals in your career.

    Sample Answer

    I would like to expand my managerial skills while also developing my interpersonal skills. In addition, I hope to find ways to improve our existing system while setting up some new ways of doing business just so we remain competitive in the market and increase our client base considerably over time.

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    How Do You Establish Disaster Recovery Procedures And Conduct Breach Of Security Deals

    Whenever disaster strikes, you need to have a clear plan in place. In answering this question, make sure you discuss the role of different departments and how they will take action during an emergency. Also, talk about where you will back up the data and how you restore it when needed.

    Sample Answer

    To establish my Disaster Recovery Procedures, I usually set them up according to all sorts of things that can go wrong with our computers or other systems here at work, like Power Outages, Static Charges, Fires, and so on. As far as security breaches are concerned, our company usually takes a proactive approach by hiring a third-party IT consulting firm that conducts regular checks on all systems for any suspicious activity.

    Questions About Background And Experience

    DevOps Interview Questions Answers (From Sr. Cloud Architect) | Moderate to Advanced

    Your education, professional training, work experience and past performance allow the interviewer to evaluate your qualifications and see how they match with the job requirements. Additionally, your responses can show the interviewer how you apply your soft skills as well as your technical knowledge. Use the following examples to help you get an idea of what to prepare for:

    • How long have you worked as a data architect?

    • Where did you complete your education?

    • Do you hold any IT certifications?

    • What is your experience leading a team?

    • What kinds of operational improvements did you make to the processes of your last company?

    • How do you approach new development projects?

    • How do you solve problems that arise when working on projects?

    • Have you ever had a disagreement with a manager? How did you handle it?

    • What kind of statistical and data analysis tools do you prefer to work with?

    • What recent challenges did you face when completing database assignments? How did you resolve them?

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    Can You Reset A Password

    BIOS is a firmware located on a memory chip, often in a computers motherboard or system board. A typical BIOS security feature is a user password that must be entered to boot up a device. If you wish to reset a password-protected BIOS configuration, youll need to turn off your device, locate a password reset jumper on the system board, remove the jumper plug from the password jumper-pins, and turn on the device without the jumper plug to clear the password. This will reset the BIOS to default factory settings.

    How Do You Stay Motivated In Your Work

    Interviewers intend to know the top ways you use to stay motivated in your work. Talk about the things that motivate you to keep working.

    Sample Answer

    I am a top-level security architect who has been working in the industry for years now, and I am very passionate about ensuring every aspect of my work is done at a high standard. To stay motivated, I take on additional projects outside regular hours from time to time which helps me feel challenged and excited to see many new opportunities that may arise within top management. This role keeps me focused while providing top challenges no matter what situation or challenge arises.

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    What Does A Cybersecurity Analyst Do

    Cybersecurity analysts strive to preserve the integrity of sensitive data by defending infrastructure and systems from cyberattacks. To protect these assets, cybersecurity analysts evaluate system vulnerabilities through diagnostic testing and traffic monitoring. Based on the results of these assessments, cybersecurity analysts design and implement risk management strategies. Cybersecurity analysts also respond to cyber attacks, conduct forensic analysis of previous cyber incidents, and work to ensure organizational compliance with relevant security standards and protocols.

    A Customer Wants To Track Access To Their Amazon Simple Storage Service Buckets And Also Use This Information For Their Internal Security And Access Audits Which Of The Following Will Meet The Customer Requirement

    Top Cloud Architect Interview Questions and Tips
  • Enable AWS CloudTrail to audit all Amazon S3 bucket access.
  • Enable server access logging for all required Amazon S3 buckets.
  • Enable the Requester Pays option to track access via AWS Billing
  • Enable Amazon S3 event notifications for Put and Post.
  • Answer A.

    Explanation: AWS CloudTrail has been designed for logging and tracking API calls. Also this service is available for storage, therefore should be used in this use case.

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    Why Learn Cloud Computing Skills

    The job market in cloud computing is growing every day at a rapid pace. It is among the top skills that people want to upgrade. A quick search on Linkedin shows there are over 30000 freshers jobs in Cloud Computing and over 60000 senior-level cloud computing job roles. As an increasing number of companies are switching over to clouds after seeing the absolute benefits and ease – the job growth in the cloud market is burgeoning. Companies need engineers that can help them transition over to Cloud Computing or senior engineers who can maintain and innovate on the already established Cloud Computing technology. It is more than a better time than any other to get into the domain of cloud computing.

    There are many cloud computing job roles like Cloud Consultant, Cloud reliability engineer, cloud security engineer, cloud infrastructure engineer, cloud architect, data science engineer that one can make a career transition to .

    AWS MLOps Project to Deploy a Classification Model

    What Is Global Teaching Assistance

    Our teaching assistants are a dedicated team of subject matter experts here to help you get certified in your first attempt. They engage students proactively to ensure the course path is being followed and help you enrich your learning experience, from class onboarding to project mentoring and job assistance. Teaching Assistance is available during business hours.

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    What Are The Roles And Responsibilities Of An Aws Certified Solutions Architect

    The roles and responsibilities of an AWS Solution Architect Associate include the following:

    • They are responsible for designing services and/or applications within an organization.
    • Explain large and complex business problems to the management in simple terms
    • Integrate systems and information that matches the business requirements
    • Take care of the enterprise and architectural concerns along with programming, testing, etc.
    • Scaling up the process and building infrastructure for sustainable use
    • Determine the risk level associated with the third-party platforms or frameworks

    How Will The Aws Training And Certification Help Your Career

    AWS Solutions Architect Interview Questions (Land Your Dream Cloud Architect Job!

    Your career will greatly benefit with the addition of an AWS Solution Architect Certification because:

    • Amazon Web Services certification is rated as the most valued IT Certification globally Global Knowledge Study.
    • In the latest Magic Quadrant report released by Gartner, AWS maintained its position as the king of cloud Infrastructure as a service providers.
    • Worldwide end-user spending on public cloud services is forecast to grow 20.4% in 2022 to total $494.7 billion, up from $410.9 billion in 2021, according to the latest forecast from Gartner, Inc. In 2023, end-user spending is expected to reach nearly $600 billion.

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    How Does Cloud Computing Affect An Organizations Costs

    Saves capital cost. Costs like Workstation, firewall, load balancer, cooling, networking, power etc.

    Operation cost also like : Electric bill, Network, staff

    Move to the cloud, nothing to buy. You can do lift and shift and save capex. You only pay for what you use. Your Capex goes down and Opex goes up. Agility benefit, u can spawn up vms fastly.

    Questions About Education And Background

    Some interview questions may focus on your formal training as a solution architect. Asking these questions can help a hiring manager determine where you received your basic knowledge as a solution architect. Here are 19 questions an interviewer may ask about your training and background in this profession:

  • Tell me about your formal training as a solution architect.

  • Where did you earn your degree?

  • How long have you worked as a solution architect?

  • Tell me about a successful project you worked on as a solution architect.

  • Which of your classes best prepared you for this role?

  • Tell me about your favourite class.

  • Explain the role of a solution architect.

  • Explain scalability.

  • Which of your projects demonstrate your coding skills?

  • Tell me about some projects in your portfolio.

  • Which traits do a solution architect possess?

  • Explain the importance of clustering.

  • Tell me about the most challenging project you worked on and how you handled it.

  • How does asynchronous programming differ from parallel programming?

  • Tell me the main features and benefits of cloud computing.

  • Describe the components of a web application.

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