Technical Interview Questions And Answers Pdf
Technical interview questions will vary depending on the IT positions available and skill level of the employees, such as junior level, senior, or executive management. For prospective employees, conduct multiple mock interview practice sessions using technical interview questions and answers pdf.
Practice your communication skills by answering some typical software developer interview questions and answers pdf as part of your preparation for the technical interview. The best way to do this is to first carefully examine the job description and the industry role of the company you are interviewing with.
If possible, do some internet research to understand the company culture. This way, during your mock interview practice, you can develop the right tone and personality that fits with the company values,leaving a good impression on the interviewers.
As a prospective applicant, always consider your answers to common questionsâbefore the interview. Construct a short elevator pitch that describes who you are, what your career goals are, and why you desire to work for that company or in that technical position.
According to INDEED.com, the most common general questions to prepare for include:
-Why do you want to work here?-What are your greatest strengths?-What interests you about this role?
Bonus Tip: For Remote Interviews Practice Coding On Interview Tools
Now that we’ve been interviewing remotely, candidates who have familiarity with some of the tools that we use to interview have been huge! We use HackerRank, which allows us to follow along with the candidate as they code. It’s not as robust as an IDE you’d use for developing, and so if you practice with it, make sure you don’t rely on it for catching anything beyond minor syntax issues–it’s easy to have a false sense of security. – Alyssa , Software Engineer at Zillow
How To Prepare Technical Interview Software Engineer
Many candidates will want to know how to prepare for technical interviews as a software engineer. This helps them to see if they have the competencies required for the position. The best coding interview practice will not only include coding tests, but will also include real-world scenarios that evaluate the candidate’s debugging ability, overall knowledge of software architecture, and communication skills.
Consider technical interview software that enables you to practice mock interview software engineer sessions. Some non-coding but technical questions that may be relevant during a technical interview include:
-What are your technical education and industry certifications?-Describe your most recent responsibilities and projects.-What quality assurances do you include in your coding?-What languages do you program in?-Have you used any automated build tools?-Do you belong to any technical association?-What challenges do you expect from this job?-How do you ensure security in your source code?
Expect these common technical interview questions along with some behavioral or soft skills assessment questions that demonstrate how well you work with teams and supervisors. These may include how well you manage your time, your ability to work with teams or clients, your leadership skills, and your availability to work overtime when needed.
Recommended Reading: Questions To Ask Cfo In Interview
A Final Note About Interviewing
Its important to remember you are interviewing the company just like they are interviewing you. Often times the work during interviews will be similar to the job youll be asked to perform. Are the challenges they give you the type of work you like to do? Are the people cool? Do they respect your time and abilities? If the answer is no to any of those questions consider looking elsewhere. Know your strengths and weaknesses and remember to have fun during the search process. Interviewing is a great way to meet people, learn about new technologies and search within yourself.
Failure and rejection are part of life so keep a positive attitude, work hard on what you can control and dont worry about what you cant!
Prepare Your Own Questions For Your Interviewers
One thing we tend to forget is that interviews go both ways. Youre also there to ensure that you will be joining a team or a project that values your expertise and the skills that you bring to the table.
Thats why its important to come prepared with your own questions for the hiring team. Youll likely want to ask about the day-to-day working culture of the team, how the team handles disagreement or conflict, how they celebrate wins, their views on work-life balance. You can always ask for some real life examples of these things.
Anything that is critical for you to thrive in your role, youre going to want to ask about that before the whole interview process is over.
Read Also: Best System Design Interview Prep
Can You Describe Your Process For Planning And Executing A Programming Task
Understanding the software development process and product life cycle is a vital part of working as a software engineer. As everyone works differently, an interviewer asking this question will be interested to learn about the way you work, and whether this will fit within their company culture.
Example:’Over the course of my career, I’ve developed a strict process for planning and executing programming tasks. The first step is a detailed analysis of the requirements of the project based on customer specifications and any technical limitations. Next, I work with colleagues to create a thorough report of the specifications and software architecture drawings. I only begin actually coding once this stage of the process is complete.
After the actual implementation, I carry out testing of the software and creating thorough documentation for my client. On some occasions, I’ve also designed training materials to ensure that my client knows how to use the software I’ve designed.’
Dont Dwell On Mistakes
Be comfortable asking questions and asking for clarication. If you make a mistake, dont let it aect the rest of the interview. Youll have the opportunity to answer many questions and the interviewer will often forgive a single mistake. When something goes wrong, move on and focus on the rest of the interview. If you dont know the answer to a particular question, just be honest about it. Try to engage the interviewer so you can learn more about the topic and/or explain where you could nd the answer.
Also Check: Preparing For System Design Interview
Technical Interview Software Engineer
Software engineers hold a niche role within organizations. Hiring the right talent means knowing which candidates can plan, design, develop, code, maintain, and retire software. Effective software developers can drastically affect the success of your companyâs product or service, and ultimately, your bottom line.
Your human relations personnel, and sometimes departmental hiring managers, will rarely have the ability to judge technical coding and other skills required during a technical interview for software engineers.
Finding the right fit means presenting the candidate with the right junior or senior software engineer technical interview questions.
And for candidates looking to increase their chances of landing the right job with the right company, they can use the same technical interview software packages for a virtual interview practice or for learning how to prepare for technical interview questions.Technical interview software can also help companies hire candidates that will be working remotely from home or at regional field offices. The right software can help HR and managers judge a candidateâs ability to code logically under pressure, while also explaining what theyâre doing and how they use the programming language in creative ways.
What Are Your Preferred Programming Languages
In general, it’s good to make sure you’re familiar with some of the more popular languages, including:
If the company you’re applying to relies heavily on a specific programming language, you may be asked questions about its functionality and related concepts. Brush up on your knowledge of popular programming languages with the links below:
You May Like: What Should Females Wear To A Job Interview
Software Engineer Interview Questions About Experience And Background
In addition to the general questions, a hiring manager could ask, you will likely also need to answer questions about your background and experience in the software engineering industry. These questions will allow you to elaborate more on the skills you have gained through your education and work experience.
Describe your process for completing a project from start to finish.
What scaling issues have you had to deal with on past projects? How could it have been avoided and how did you solve it?
Tell me about a time that you had to collaborate with other people on your team or other teams to solve a complicated problem.
Describe the process your team currently implements for completing projects. What works well? What would you change and why?
Which project management tools do you feel are most useful in your role as a software engineer?
Practice For Both Technical And Behavioral Interviews
Before attending an interview, it is imperative to analyze the types of questions you will most likely be asked and practice them. There are a lot of resources available for software engineers to help them prepare for technical interviews. Weve compiled a list of 90+ technical questions from real tech companies, which can be a good place to start. Also, we created a step-by-step guide to solving a classic software engineering interview question asked at Google and many other tech companies. Furthermore, you can use platforms such as HackerEarth to practice technical questions.
Besides technical interviews, there are also behavioral interviews. The goal of these sessions is to discover how you act in specific situations and if you are a good fit for the company culture. People often forget to prepare for these behavioral interviews, but they are just as important as the technical sessions.
The best way to practice is to write down answers to real behavioral questions and say them out loud in front of a mirror or to a friend. You dont want to memorize or sound rehearsed, but getting yourself into the practice of saying these will help you feel more comfortable when you are asked the question.
Anxiety often arises when people dont know what is going to happen. Understanding the structure of a behavioral interview will help reduce anxiety during an interview.
- Resume deep dive
- Specific questions
- Why this company
- Your questions
Also Check: Interview Questions For A Cfo
Excel During Your Pair Programming Session
One of the most common methods of gauging your skills is to pair program with a member of the team you might work with.
This session is usually 20 to 30 minutes and the problem you are given is generally something you will see on the job at this company.
There are a few things to keep in mind if you have a session like this:
- Try to stay calm and remember that you are interviewing here for a reason, they like you and see promise in you.
- Communicate out loud as much as possible, even if you think you are talking too much. Its better to over-communicate in these exercises than to sit in silence typing away at the keyboard.
- Dont be afraid to ask questions, theyre on your side! The interviewer has probably left out critical details on purpose to test your communication skills while working with other developers.
Ultimately, try and be conscious of the fact that this company sees promise in you on a personal and technical level. Be yourself and be confident!
If the company does not have a pair programming exercise included in their process, another common exercise is to give you a project or a collection of problems to solve on your own.
Q Beyond The Right Technical Chops Are There Any Soft Skills You Consider To Be Important For Your Team Members To Possess
A. I’m always trying to gauge how well an individual will work within a team. It’s definitely one of the hardest things to assess during the interview process, but incredibly important to my team’s success. There are really smart people out there that have the right technical skills, but if they believe that their ‘kung fu’ always has to be the best that all the answers have to come from them then they won’t be a good fit.
Engineering is a team sport. I believe that the best and most productive teams are composed of diverse groups of people who approach problems from different perspectives. When people from varying backgrounds work together as a team, they have more tools available to review a problem and create a better solution.
Scott E. Page wrote a great book on this topic, The Difference: How the Power of Diversity Creates Better Groups, Firms, Schools, and Societies, that I keep in mind when hiring and managing my engineering teams.
You May Like: Design Interview Preparation
Understand The Fundamental Concepts
In the beginning, you need to understand/refresh the fundamental concepts, e.g. linked lists, string handling, tree parsing, dynamic programming, etc. The following books are great resources:
- Cracking the Coding Interview: This is a great introductory book
- Elements of Programming Interviews: This book goes into much more depth. Depending on your preferred programming language, you can buy the version that uses C++, Java or Python
- The Algorithm Design Manual: This book is more advanced and can be used as a very useful resource while working on Leetcode problems. Many Leetcode problems are based on the algorithms that are shown in the book
If you prefer to watch YouTube videos, then you can use the following:
- Back to Back SWE channel: Lots of videos on fundamental concepts. Also, it includes very easy-to-understand explanations on dynamic programming, which is always a tricky subject
- Dynamic Programming for Beginners: Great introduction to Dynamic Programming, which is one of the most difficult types of questions that are asked during the interviews
Finally, if you prefer to read the structured material online in a class format, then take a look at the following:
So Which Approach Is For Me
As a software engineer looking for a job, there will be a natural pull between building stuff, learning new tools and practicing interviews. Choosing what to focus on depends on what you are looking for.
If you are after a job at large reputable tech company like Google, Twitch, Amazon, Uber or Square study your fundamentals. Often times it doesnt matter if youve built the best most complex thing in the world, if you cannot pass computer science fundamentals interviews these companies will not hire you.
Small startups on the other hand are usually racing against the clock to get their product working, shipped and out the door. These companies embrace domain specific interviews because they want to see what you can build and what technologies you are comfortable with.
Don’t Miss: System Design Interview Preparation
Dont Forget To Prepare For Traditional/behavioral Questions
Employers often say that students are so concerned about the technical interview that they havent thought through answers to common questions like Tell me about yourself? or Why are you interested in this job? Read through our tips on common interview questions and practice behavioral questions with a CCE career counselor.
Tell Me About A Project You Were Involved With And Explain How You Chose Its Architecture
This question helps your interviewer learn how you use technology to meet organizational challenges. Feel free to talk about:
- The high-level objective the project addressed.
- Details about the architecture you chose, including design choices such as MEAN as opposed to MERN or other coding-language decisions.
- Architectural decisions about hardware, such as servers and network structure.
- Any unexpected adjustments you had to make to either the design itself or the technology you used.
Recommended Reading: Questions To Ask A Cfo During An Interview
Frequently Asked Questions About Coding Interviews
The phone screen portion of the coding interview typically lasts up to one hour. The second, more technical part of the interview can take multiple hours.
There are many ways to practice coding and prepare for your coding interview. LeetCode provides practice opportunities in more than 14 languages and more than 1,500 sample problems. Applicants can also practice their coding skills and interview prep with HackerRank.
There are a variety of indicators that your coding interview went well. These may include going over the allotted time, being introduced to additional team members, and receiving a quick response to your thank you email.
First Things First Tell Me About Yourself
After you apply and a company has an interest in you, the first step is usually to schedule a phone interview. This is typically a pretty relaxed conversation with a member of HR.
You can expect them to ask primarily about your job history, what you are looking for next, and most importantly, why you are applying for a position at their company.
Just because this is typically easier than the other phases of the interview process does not mean you should not prepare for it. A few questions to prepare for are:
Tell me a little bit about yourself
This is a good time to give your elevator pitch. This will likely be one of the first questions you are asked and usually can be a great tone-setter for the remainder of the interview.
If you tend to talk fast, take a deep breath before you answer and try to speak slowly and clearly. A few items you want to mention in your response are:
- Ethos or interests you share with the company
- What excites you about software development
- Future goals that this company can help fulfill
What is a recent project you worked on that you are proud of?
Like most of these questions, the interviewer is not solely curious about your technical achievements. They are also looking for cues that convey you can communicate well, are reliable, and are someone who would get along with the other members of the team.
Try to be enthusiastic and answer questions fully, without rambling too much. An effective framework for answering these types of questions is:
Also Check: Best Interview Attire For A Woman