Friday, January 27, 2023

Accessibility Testing Interview Questions Guru99

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Q25 Explain The Defect Life Cycle

Top 50 Manual Testing Interview Questions | Software Testing Interview Preparation | Edureka

A defect life cycle is a process in which a defect goes through various phases during its whole lifetime. The cycle starts when a defect is found and ends when a defect is closed, after ensuring its not reproduced. Bug or defect life cycle includes the steps as shown in the below figure.

If you wish to learn in-depth about Bug Life Cycle then you can refer this article on Software Testing Tutorial.

What Is Web Accessibility

Web accessibility helps users with diverse abilities to perceive, understand, navigate, and interact with the website with ease. It focuses on breaking the barriers that make it hard for users with disabilities to use the web application.

Web applications must support users who are visually, physically, cognitively challenged.

What Is The Most Common Form Of Seizure And How Can You Make Your Website Accessible To People With This Disability

A seizure is a sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain. Seizures can cause a variety of symptoms, from convulsions and loss of consciousness to more subtle changes in behavior. The most common form of seizure is called a tonic-clonic seizure, also known as a grand mal seizure. This type of seizure is characterized by muscle rigidity, loss of consciousness, and convulsions. Seizures can be caused by a variety of factors, including head injuries, stroke, infectious diseases, and certain neurological conditions. Approximately 1 in 26 people will experience a seizure at some point in their lives.

There are a few things you can do to make your website accessible to people with seizures. First, avoid using flashing lights or animation. These can trigger seizures in some people. Second, provide alternative content for any audio or video content on your site. This will allow people to still access the information even if they cannot see or hear the original content. Finally, make sure your website can be navigated using keyboard commands. This will allow people with limited mobility to still use your site.

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Is There Any Difference Between Quality Assurance Quality Control And Software Testing If So What Is It

Quality Assurance refers to the planned and systematic way of monitoring the quality of the process which is followed to produce a quality product. QA tracks the test reports and modifies the process to meet the expectation.

Quality Control is relevant to the quality of the product. QC not only finds the defects but suggests improvements too. Thus, a process that is set by QA is implemented by QC. QC is the responsibility of the testing team.

Software testing is the process of ensuring that the product which is developed by developers meets the users requirements. The aim of performing testing is to find bugs and make sure that they get fixed. Thus, it helps to maintain the quality of the product to be delivered to the customer.

What Is The Difference Between An Accessibility Audit And An Accessibility Test

There are two main types of evaluations that can be performed to assess the accessibility of a digital product: an accessibility audit and an accessibility test.

An accessibility audit is a broad overview of the product’s compliance with accessibility standards. It typically includes a review of the code, design, and content to identify any potential barriers that could prevent users with disabilities from using the product.

An accessibility test, on the other hand, is a hands-on assessment of how well a user with a disability can perform specific tasks using the product. This type of evaluation is often used to assess the effectiveness of specific accessibility features, such as alternative text for images or captioning for videos.

While both audits and tests are important for ensuring the accessibility of digital products, they serve different purposes and should be used as complementary tools in an overall accessibility program.

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What Are The Significant Differences Between Test Matrix And Traceability Matrix

Here are the significant differences between Test Matrix and Traceability Matrix:

  • Test Matrix: The test matrix helps you to capture actual quality, effort, the plan, resources, and time needed to capture all phases of software testing
  • Traceability Matrix: This Matrix involves mapping between test cases and customer requirements.

What Is The Difference Between Quality Control Quality Assurance And Testing

An interviewer might ask this question to make sure you understand the differences between the steps in the testing and control processes.

Example:Quality control involves looking for defects in a particular software application and providing suggestions to improve its quality. Quality assurance involves planning and defining how an organization will implement its quality control methods. Quality control often involves the use of the tools developed in quality assurance. Testing is the actual method for finding issues with the quality of the application, or the bugs. The testing process ensures that the software meets all set standards and user requirements.

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Why Do We Need To Conduct End

End-to-end testing is a method that allows you to execute tests that cover all the possible flow of the testing application from start to finish basis. This software testing approach helps you to discover software dependencies and assert that the correct input is passed between different software modules and sub-systems.

Purpose Of Accessibility Testing

Accessibility Testing Tutorial | Accessibility Testing Tools | How to perform Accessibility Testing

The primary purpose of Accessibility testing is to accommodate people who have disabilities like:

  • Hearing Deficiency: In this, the person is not able to hear or hear clearly and has sensory issues such as hearing disabilities and deafness.
  • Learning Impairment: The people who are facing reading difficulties.
  • Physical Disabilities: In this type of disability, the people are not capable of using the Keyboard or the Mouse with one hand and facing the problem in hand activities, muscle detention, and reduced motor abilities.
  • Visual Impairments: The visual or vision disabilities define that when a person has complete blindness, poor vision abilities, color blindness, and flashing effect problems and visual strobe.
  • Cognitive Deficiency: In this, the person will have poor memory, not able to recognize more complex scenarios, and learning difficulties.

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What Is The Difference Between Smoke Testing And Sanity Testing

Features
Developers or testers are in charge of the execution. Testers are in charge of the execution.

Key points about smoke testing and sanity testing:

Smoke testing is carried out at the start of the project to check for the most basic functions. Sanity testing, on the other hand, thoroughly checks software builds.

Smoke testing requires a written set of tests or automated tests for documentation, whereas sanity testing does not.

The smoke testing method is shallow and broad, which means it tests every build but does not go to extremes. Sanity testing, on the other hand, employs a focused and deep method in which a single build is extensively tested.

The smoke testing method is shallow and broad, which means it tests every build but does not go to extremes. Sanity testing, on the other hand, employs a focused and deep method in which a single build is extensively tested.

The fundamental goal of smoke testing is to swiftly cover every aspect of the software. Sanity testing, on the other hand, focuses on the functionality of each software module.

The developer is in charge of the smoke test, whereas the tester is in charge of the sanity test.

In a document verification procedure, smoke testing is similar to counting the number of documents. Sanity testing, on the other hand, entails a thorough examination of a single document.

What Is Test Closure

It is a document that summarizes all the tests conducted during the SDLC . It offers a detailed analysis of the removed bugs and errors found.

Test Clouse also contains the aggregate no. of experiments, total numbers of experiments executed, add numbers of bugs that are not settled, the total number of bugs rejected, etc.

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What Type Of Working Environment Best Suits Your Work Style

Describing your ideal work environment helps the interviewer ensure that the organization can provide you with the right workspace.

Example:I perform well when I have the equipment and tools I need, as well as a quiet place to work. If I am surrounded by people in my workspace, I will typically use white noise or background music to help me stay focused without becoming distracted. I am adaptable and can work in nearly any atmosphere.

When Should A Qa Team Choose Manual Testing Or Automation Testing For Their Mobile Test Projects

Automation testing has vastly increased testers speed and quality in the past decades. Understanding when to make such a transition, from manual testing to automated testing, is the first step to maximizing your teams efficiency. Here are some of the critical points:

Manual Testing

  • The application has new functionality.
  • The application requires testing once or twice.

Automate Testing

  • The release cycle needs a large amount of regression testing.
  • The testing application requires complex scenarios.

Check out this article to choose the right Automation Test Cases.

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What Is A Dbms

DBMS stands for ‘database management system,’ which is a program used to help maintain, monitor, create, deploy and control the use of a database. It also acts as a file manager for the data kept in a database, no matter the size or complexity of the database.

Read more: What Is a Database Management System?

What Is Boundary Value Testing

Test boundary conditions on, below and above the edges of input and output equivalence classes. For instance, let say a bank application where you can withdraw maximum Rs.20,000 and a minimum of Rs.100, so in boundary value testing we test only the exact boundaries, rather than hitting in the middle. That means we test above the maximum limit and below the minimum limit.

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Mention What The Different Types Of Test Coverage Techniques Are

Different types of test coverage techniques include

  • Statement Coverage: It verifies that each line of source code has been executed and tested
  • It ensures that every decision in the source code is executed and tested
  • Path Coverage: It ensures that every possible route through a given part of the code is executed and tested

How Do You Perform Automated Testing In Your Environment

What is Accessibility Testing | Accessibility Testing Introduction

Automation testing is a process of executing tests automatically. It reduces human intervention to a great extent. We use different test automation tools like QTP, Selenium, and WinRunner. Testing tools help in speeding up the testing tasks. These tools allow you to create test scripts to verify the application automatically and also to generate the test reports.

Preparing for a Job Interview! Check out our blog on Selenium Interview Questions now.

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How Do You Handle Ambiguity In An Application

A question about handling ambiguity is usually asked to gain an understanding of your personality when you may not have all the information.

Example: I am comfortable and familiar with ambiguity, as many test cases are not straightforward and require some creative thinking. I enjoy putting my skills and experience into every task I take on and every test case I handle.

What Is A Constructor

A constructor is defined as a member function that is invoked whenever you create an object it has the same name as that of the class.

There are two types of constructors:

  • Default constructor: This auto-generated constructor doesnt take any arguments.
  • Parameterized constructor: In this constructor, it can pass arguments.

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How Can You Test A Website For Motor Impairments

There are a number of ways to test a website for motor impairments.

  • One method is to use a screen reader, which will read out the text on the website as well as provide information about the structure of the page.

  • Another method is to use a keyboard navigation tool, which will allow you to move around the website without using a mouse.

  • Finally, you can also use a magnifier tool to enlarge the text and images on the website.

What Is The Role Of Moderator In The Review Process

The moderator leads the review process. He or she determines, in co-operation with the author, the type of review, approach and the composition of the review team. The moderator performs the entry check and the follow-up on the rework, in order to control the quality of the input and output of the review process. The moderator also schedules the meeting, disseminates documents before the meeting, coaches other team members, paces the meeting, leads possible discussions and stores the data that is collected.

Learn More about Review process in Video Tutorial here

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While Planning To Perform An End To End Mobile Testing What Are The Primary Criteria You Have To Consider

In an end-to-end mobile testing process, QA teams test the entire application from beginning to end to ensure its flow behaves as expected. Throughout these steps, there are some of the many critical requirements to consider:

  • Is the application successfully installed across various mobile models, gadgets, and operating systems?
  • Does the application launch smoothly with or without a network?
  • What are the orientations that the application supports and how do they work?
  • Does the application perform well on different kinds of devices and network scenarios?
  • How does the application respond when it is used?

If You Find A Significant Defect Or Bug During The Testing Process What Steps Would You Take To Make Sure That The Same Defect Does Not Come Back Into The Application

This type of question helps an interviewer determine whether you can learn from your previous experiences.

Example: Upon locating the bug during the testing process, I would write a test case for that particular defect and provide it to the developer in the regression suite. Another option would be to identify alternate test cases and include those in the planned execution of the application.

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What Is The Workbench Concept

A workbench is a document that explains how an activity should be completed. It is also referred to as a step, phase, or task. It acts as a platform for developing and monitoring testers work structures. Using the initial data, you can use this method to divide tasks into each phase and reach the customers expectations.

Workbench has five tasks:

What Is Black Box Testing What Are The Different Black Box Testing Techniques

School Of Basics | What is an API | API testing interview questions

Black box testing is the software testing method which is used to test the software without knowing the internal structure of code or program. This testing is usually done to check the functionality of an application. The different black box testing techniques are

  • Equivalence Partitioning
  • Cause-effect graphing
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    How Will Selenium Help Your Career

    Today, most companies prefer using open-source automated testing tools that will enable them to cut down the cost and effort that manual testing involves. Selenium is one such open-source automated testing tool for websites. Performance, execution speed, and browser interaction of Selenium are faster than any other automation tool. The test packages, the modes available for unattended execution and the ability to develop the test script in any language supported by Selenium make it the most popular automation testing tool. In addition, Selenium supports different operating systems along with support for different programming languages such as Python, Pearl, Ruby, PHP, .NET, C# and Java, and various browsers, thereby making Selenium the leading automation testing tool. Enroll in this Selenium certification training today.

    Best Accessibility Testing Tools

    To make your website more acceptable and user-friendly, it is crucial that it is easily accessible. There are various accessibility testing tools that can check the accessibility of the website.

    Following are some of the popular Accessibility Testing Tools:

    1) Wave

    Wave is a free web accessibility tool created by WEBAIM. It is used to validate the web page manually for various aspects of accessibility. This tool can be used to check the intranet, pass-word protected, dynamically generated, or sensitive web pages. Major functions of Web Accessibility Toolbar includes identifying components of a webpage, providing access to alternative view of page content and facilitating the use of third party online applications. It ensures 100% private and secure accessibility reporting

    Following are the Myths of Accessibility Testing:

    Myth: Creating Accessible website is expensive

    Fact: It is not expensive. Take the timeout to think about accessibility issues in the design stage itself along with basic testing .This will save money as well as rework.

    Myth: Changing inaccessible websites to accessible website is time consuming and expensive

    It is not necessary to incorporate all the changes at one time. Work on basic needs which are most necessary for disabled users.

    Myth: Accessibility is plain and boring

    Accessibility doesnt mean text only page

    Myth: Accessibility if for the Blind and Disabled

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    Why Accessibility Testing

    Accessibility testing is done to make sure that the quality standard of the website is on par with the accessibility guidelines given by the government and other web associations.

    We have rules and guidelines to comply with when it comes to accessibility, we have to follow established guidelines to prevent lawsuits against our software product.

    There are some government acts, standards, and best practices in accessibility:

    • Americans with Disabilities Act
    • Disability Discrimination Act in Australia in the year 1992.
    • Disability Act in Ireland in the year 2005.
    Auditory problems like deafness and hearing impairments. Difficulty to hear or hear clearly

    What Is Defect Cascading

    It is a technique for triggering other defects in the application when any defect remains noticed while testing. It invokes other application defects because multiple defects crop up in the later stages of development.

    However, If defect cascading affects other features in the application, identifying the affected feature becomes quite challenging. You may make various test cases to solve this issue.

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